LANCUM-686E06:

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
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AXEHEAD ROUGHOUT

Unique ID: LANCUM-686E06

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

A complete though probably unfinished stone axehead probably a roughout of Neolithic date, c. 3500 - 2100 BC discovered below the foundations of a cottage garden wall. The axehead is possibly of the Graig Lwyd Group VII axe - the patina looks the type and the white speckles on a blue-grey matrix is typical of the rock type or it could be an epidiotised greenstone Group VI Langdale axe. The axe head is trapezoidal in plan with a pointed ovate section. The surfaces are rough with a chip to one side of the butt edge. The unpolished nature of the object suggests it was not properly finished. It was probably made in the quarries of Penmaenmawr in North Wales, of a sedimentary rock similar to slate and would have been traded south, probably along the route of the River Severn. It would have been used to create clearings within the dense prehistoric woodland to provide agricultural land, during a period in British history when people began to significantly alter the environment.

Hand axes were probably the main tool for domestic activities like chopping or breaking, and it could also be used as a weapon.

The length is 172mm, the width is 65mm thickness 18mm and the weight too heavy for scales.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: NEOLITHIC
Period from: NEOLITHIC
Period to: NEOLITHIC
Date from: Circa 4000 BC
Date to: Circa 2100 BC

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 172 mm
Width: 65 mm
Thickness: 18 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Wednesday 25th January 2017 - Wednesday 25th January 2017

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Stuart Noon
Identified by: Mr Stuart Noon
Secondary identifier: Mr Stuart Noon

Materials and construction

Primary material: Stone
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: North West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Lancashire (County)
District: Ribble Valley (District)
Parish or ward: Mellor (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SD6531
Four figure Latitude: 53.77415213
Four figure longitude: -2.53254363
1:25K map: SD6531
1:10K map: SD63SE
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Minimal cultivation

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: LANCUM
Created: 2 years ago
Updated: About one year ago

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