LANCUM-161CE7: Silver annular brooch with shield shaped ornaments

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BROOCH

Unique ID: LANCUM-161CE7

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Report on potential Treasure for H M Coroner

Treasure Number:2017T237

Find Spot: 'Cockermouth Area', Cumbria

PAS Database number: LANCUM-161CE7

Period: Medieval 13th-14th century

Description:

Silver annular medieval brooch dating from the 13th/14th century. It is complete with the pin, but the pin is now separate from the hoop because the main body is broken into three pieces.

The hoop is circular in plan and flat rectangular in cross section. At the recess for the pin, the hoop is very narrow and circular in cross-section. There are eight shield-shaped integrally cast ornaments set at equal intervals around the hoop. These are decorated with a different punch d├ęcor each, with only one design being repeated (four vertical line incisions). Of the others two have horizontal incisions (one three and another six lines), one depicts a star made up of three lines and two shield have the upper part separated from the lower with only the upper part bearing decoration: one two fields with a cross in each and the other only horizontal lines.

A very close parallel from Barnard Castle, Co Durham, was recorded under DUR-026C17 (2010T462). On this annular brooch, the small lozenges were soldered to the hoop, whilst on the brooch from Cumbria the small shields are part of the hoop. A slightly smaller annular brooch with small shield-shaped ornaments cast as part of the hoop comes from Shincliffe, near Durham (2010T553), recorded as DUR-876052. These types of medieval silver or silver gilt annular brooches are often decorated with intregrally cast or separately attached mounts, such as lozenges (e.g. from near Stokesley, North Yorkshire, 2012T543/DUR-FCC112) or flower (e.g. from near Hunstanton, Norfolk, 2011T21/ NMS-D8B8F2). Shields occur but are much less common.

Dimensions:

Thickness: 1.5 mm; Weight: 4.6 g; Diameter: 31.5 mm

Conclusion: Consequently, in terms of age and as the object contains a minimum of 10% precious metal it qualifies as Treasure under the stipulations of the Treasure Act 1996.

Author

Dr Dot Boughton

FLO (Cumbria/Lancashire

Class: Annular

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Submitted for consideration as Treasure

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2017T237

Chronology

Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Period to: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1200
Date to: Circa AD 1400

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Thickness: 1.5 mm
Weight: 4.6 g
Diameter: 31.5 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 5th March 2017

Personal details

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Other reference numbers

Treasure case number: 2017T237

Materials and construction

Primary material: Silver
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: North West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Cumbria (County)
District: Allerdale (District)
To be known as: Cockermouth

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: LANCUM
Created: 5 years ago
Updated: 5 years ago

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