WILT-5A8D91: Post-medieval coin: Spanish colonial two real piece

Rights Holder: Salisbury and South Wiltshire Museum
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Unique ID: WILT-5A8D91

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A post medieval silver Mexican two real piece of Carlos (Charles) I and Johanna (reigned AD 1506-1544) dating to AD 1542-1572. Philip II ascended to the throne in AD 1556 but coins continued to be minted in the names of Carlos and Johanna until new dies were sent to Mexico in AD 1572. KAROLVS ET IOHANNA REGES obverse depicting the shield of Léon and Castille with an 'M' with an annulet above to the left side and 'O' to the right. The 'O' is usually in the position of the assayer's initial, O is usually thought to signify one of the last coins in the series. HISPANIARVM ET INDIARVM reverse depicting the two crowned pillars on waves (thought to be the Pillars of Hercules on the Straits of Gibraltar symbolising the ocean journey from the Old World to the New World). Between the pillars is written PLVS VLTR (which translates as 'more beyond', alluding to the Spanish discovery and conquest of the New World) and above are two pellets identifying the coin as two real.

Find of note status

This has been noted as an interesting find by the recorder.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
Period from: POST MEDIEVAL
Date from: Exactly AD 1542
Date to: Exactly AD 1572

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Weight: 5.45 g
Diameter: 25.18 mm

Personal details

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Other reference numbers

Other reference: SSWM 5048

Materials and construction

Primary material: Silver
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered
Completeness: Complete

Coin data (numismatics)

Denomination: 2 reales
Ruler/issuer: Joanna and Charles of Spain
Type: Spain: Silver 2 reales of and in the name of Joanna and Charles (Clemente and Cayon 3068-3091)
Obverse description: Shield of Léon and Castille with to the left M with an annulet above and O to the right.
Obverse inscription: CAROLVS ET IOHANA REGES
Reverse description: Two crowned pillars on waves (the Pillars of Hercules on the Straits of Gibraltar) with the words PLVS VLTR across the centre of the coin and two pellets above.
Reverse inscription: HISPANIARVM ET INDIARVM
Die axis measurement: 8 o'clock

Coin references

No coin references available.

Spatial metadata

Region: South West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: Wilsford

Spatial coordinates

Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: WILT
Created: 5 years ago
Updated: 5 years ago

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