LIN-EB6C54: Late Iron Age gold stater: ABC1737

Rights Holder: Lincolnshire County Council
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Rights Holder: Lincolnshire County Council
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Rights Holder: Lincolnshire County Council
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Rights Holder: Lincolnshire County Council
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Rights Holder: Lincolnshire County Council
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Rights Holder: Lincolnshire County Council
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Rights Holder: Lincolnshire County Council
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Rights Holder: Lincolnshire County Council
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Rights Holder: Lincolnshire County Council
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Rights Holder: Lincolnshire County Council
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Rights Holder: Lincolnshire County Council
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Rights Holder: Lincolnshire County Council
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Rights Holder: Lincolnshire County Council
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Rights Holder: Lincolnshire County Council
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Rights Holder: Lincolnshire County Council
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Rights Holder: Lincolnshire County Council
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Rights Holder: Lincolnshire County Council
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Rights Holder: Lincolnshire County Council
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Rights Holder: Lincolnshire County Council
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COIN HOARD

Unique ID: LIN-EB6C54

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Riseholme, Lincolnshire:

282 late Iron Age coins and comprises forty gold staters, 231 silver units, and eleven silver half-units, all North-Eastern types attributed to the Corieltavi. This is a relatively large hoard which appears to have been drawn from a circulation pool of local coinage that was dominated by inscribed issues which are thought to have been produced after 20 BC. Deposition may have occured in the early post-Roman conquest years as the hoard includes all the major inscribed issues from the region: VEPO CORF, AVNT COST, and IISVPRASV, and is comprised of gold staters, silver units, and silver half-units.

20% of the gold coins in the Riseholme hoard are uninscribed, while 35 % are VEPO CORF types. A further 45% of the gold issues pertain to later rulers, including AVNT COST, DVMNOC TIGIR SENO and VOLISIOS DVMNOCOVEROS. No gold staters of VOLISIOS DVMNOVELLAVNOS or IISVPRASV were present.

The silver units reveal a much stronger weighting towards later issues. 60% are of AVNT COST varieties, whereas only 27% are earlier VEP CORF types. In addition, a small number of IISVPRASV silver units are present, forming just 3% of the silver units in the hoard. This is in contrast to the profile of the silver half-units, which are almost exclusively formed VEP CORF types.

The overall profile of the Riseholme hoard thus implies that it was removed from a circulation pool in which uninscribed types were giving way to inscribed varieties, particularly those issued circa AD35-45. The presence of only a small number of IISVPRASV silver units might in turn suggest that the hoard went into the ground very soon after this series began to be struck.

Catalogue:

The catalogue below divides the coins into broad types as defined in Rudd, C. 2010. Ancient British Coins.

ABC no. Weight (g)

Gold staters (40 coins). n.b. owing to patina it is often unclear whether a stater is gold or plated.

1737; 5.60

No number: "CO VAT N F"; 5.18

1743 South Ferriby; 5.35, 4.35, 5.51, 5.46

1761 Kite type with three pellets as per Hobbs 3181; 5.58, 5.51, 5.34

1851 VEP CORF; 5.51

1854 VEP CORF; 5.38, 5.37, 5.46, 5.45, 5.45, 5.49, 5.49

1857 VEP CORF (pellet in ring below tail); 5.37, 5.42, 5.38

1863 VEP (retrograde), CORF; 5.40, 5.45, 5.28

1929 AVN T COST; 4.68, 5.41, 5.18, 5.22

1971 DVMNOCOVEROS TIGIR SENO; 5.50, 5.49

1980 VOLISIOS DVMNOCOVEROS; 5.40, 5.47, 5.44, 5.42, 5.44, 5.41, 5.40, 5.42, 5.45, 5.44, 5.44

Silver half units (11 coins)

?uncertain; 0.49, 0.34

1890 VEPO CORF; 0.48

?1896 VEPO CORF; 0.50, 0.53

?1902 VEP CORF; 0.49, 0.50, 0.54, 0.41

?1908 VEPO C[ ] ; 0.35

1953 AVN T COST; 0.52

Silver units (231 coins)

1875 VEP CORF rosette (8 coins); 1.35, 1.19, 1.41, 1.33, 1.33, 1.31, 1.28, 1.19,

?1878 VEP CORF (2 coins); 1.10, 1.28

1878 VEP CORF (12 coins); 1.20, 1.25, 1.01, 1.28, 0.93, 1.20, 1.03, 1.22, 1.28, 1.01, 1.24, 1.01

?1881 VEP CORF (7 coins); 1.25, 1.34, 1.18, 1.28, 1.14, 1.30, 1.23,

1881 VEP CORF (22 coins); 1.11, 1.23, 1.22, 1.28, 1.17, 1.27, 1.27, 1.29, 1.31, 1.20, 1.23, 1.27, 1.33, 1.31, 1.26, 1.28, 1.25, 1.27, 1.19, 1.25, 1.23, 1.23

Uncertain VEP CORF (12 coins); 1.00, 1.01, 1.14, 1.26, 1.24, 1.13, 1.16, 1.30, 1.02, 1.30, 1.01, 1.11

1920 IISVPRASV (6 coins); 1.27, 1.27, 1.36, 1.38, 1.22, 1.34

1935 AVN T COST (19 coins); 0.86, 1.34, 1.15, 1.29, 1.41, 0.93, 1.14, 1.01, 1.31, 1.08, 1.30, 1.17, 1.06, 1.11, 1.20, 1.12, 1.18, 1.10, 0.99

1938 AVN T COST (119 coins); 1.11, 1.24, 1.06, 1.06, 1.27, 1.09, 1.97, 1.50, 1.33, 1.33, 1.33, 1.21, 1.17, 1.28, 1.07, 1.20, 1.47, 1.18, 1.16, 0.93, 1.26, 1.16, 1.36, 1.22, 1.25, 1.20, 1.41, 1.47, 1.20, 1.64, 1.26, 1.27, 0.96, 1.31, 1.31, 1.05, 1.15, 1.15, 1.17, 1.21, 1.12, 1.25, 1.23, 1.24, 1.25, 1.19, 1.23, 1.26, 1.23, 1.16, 1.30, 1.36, 1.16, 1.56, 1.16, 1.01, 1.35, 1.33, 1.12, 1.23, 1.27, 1.26, 1.07, 1.23, 1.38, 0.97, 0.98, 1.28, 1.24, 1.19, 1.22, 1.13, 1.11, 1.02, 1.28, 1.04, 1.20, 1.07, 1.22, 1.19, 1.21, 1.20, 1.17, 1.60, 1.23, 1.28, 1.12, 1.09, 1.09, 1.24, 1.29, 1.15, 1.15, 1.12, 1.14, 1.28, 0.82, 1.35, 1.13, 1.23, 0.94, 1.17, 1.24, 1.21, 1.19, 1.45, 1.07, 1.02, 1.23, 1.20, 1.00, 1.98, 1.28, 0.98, 1.36, 1.29, 1.16, 1.24, 1.25

1944 AVN T COST CVTAS CNAVO (2 coins); 1.17, 1.13

Three silver units fused together (3 coins); 3.95

Uncertain silver units (19 coins); 1.03, 1.25, 1.06, 1.24, 1.40, 1.16, 1.21, 1.20, 1.12, 1.26, 1.04, 1.28, 1.20, 1.20, 1.22, 1.13, 1.13, 1.31, 1.30

Notes:

The coins were apparently contained within a bag which in turn was placed within a ceramic vessel. The vessel appears to have been a small jar of dark brown or black shell-tempered fabric, but only a small number of base sherds survive. A small, oval, copper-alloy strap fitting presumably used as a bag-tie was discovered resting on the top of the coin hoard, but no evidence of the bag itself has survived. The loop is oval in plan with a circular opening in the middle. A small elongated oval slot is located at the base. The loop as a whole measures 27mm in width and 24mm in height. It tapers from 1.5mm thick at the slot-end, to 1mm at the apex. It weighs 2.94g. Just off-centre at the apex the frame of the loop is notably more worn, perhaps indicating where the strap was rubbing over time. An irregular natural piece of limestone was found lying on top of the hoard. This stone (shown in photograph) was possibly used as a capstone. The stone measures 122mm x 82mm x 28mm.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2017T177

Chronology

Broad period: IRON AGE
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: IRON AGE
Subperiod to: Early
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 35
Date to: Circa AD 45

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 250

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Saturday 18th February 2017 - Saturday 18th February 2017

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Dr Adam Daubney
Identified by: Dr Adam Daubney

Other reference numbers

Treasure case number: 2017T177

Materials and construction

Primary material: Gold
Secondary material: Silver
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: East Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Lincolnshire (County)
District: West Lindsey (District)
To be known as: Riseholme

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: LIN
Created: About one year ago
Updated: About one year ago

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