ESS-F60F94: Medieval coin brooch

Rights Holder: Colchester and Ipswich Museum Service
CC License:


Image use policy

Our images can be used under a CC BY attribution licence (unless stated otherwise).

BROOCH

Unique ID: ESS-F60F94

Object type certainty: Probably
Workflow status: Published Find published

A silver gilded demi-gros of Margaret of Constantinople (Countess of Flanders and Hainault 1244-1278) minted at Valenciennes, that has be re-used as a brooch or dress accessory.

The obverse is worn and it is difficult to determine the design. There are soldered attachements in the form of a hook and small loop.

The reverse is gilded, with the inscription reading: MONATA [VAL]ENCENENSIS SIGNVM CVRCIS. There is a small cross patte in the centre with a pellet in each quarter. The inscription is unsual in this instance as 'MONATA VALENCENENCIS' is usually depicted on the obverse.

Dimensions: weight: 2.45g, diameter: 20.39mm thickness: 1.29, thickness (inc loop and hook): 4.61mm

Similar examples on the database include: LIN-1E3E92, WILT-983BC7, NMS-BEA416

Demi-gros of this type were introduced by Margaret of Constantinople in 1269. Medieval traditions included converting larger coins into accessories, and these coins became popular for use as dress accessories after the removal of Edward I's groats from currency around 1280 - 1283, with these continental issues, similar in size, being used instead.

Conclusion: In terms of age and as the object contains a minimum of 10% precious metal, it qualifies as Treasure under the stipulations of the Treasure Act 1996 -subject to Coroner's inquest

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Submitted for consideration as Treasure

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2017T92

Chronology

Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Period to: POST MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1269
Date to: Circa AD 1278

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Thickness: 1.29 mm
Weight: 2.45 g
Diameter: 20.39 mm

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Sophie Flynn
Identified by: Ms Sophie Flynn

Other reference numbers

Treasure case number: 2017T92

Materials and construction

Primary material: Silver
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered
Completeness: Complete
Surface Treatment: Gilded

Spatial metadata

Region: Eastern (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Essex (County)
District: Braintree (District)
To be known as: Toppesfield

References cited

Similar objects

Find number: LIN-1E3E92
Object type: BROOCH
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
A silver demi-gros struck at Valenciennes for Margaret of Constantinople, countess of Hainaut between 1275 and 1280. Obv. MONETA VALENCENEN…
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Find number: NMS-BEA416
Object type: BROOCH
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
A demi-gros struck at Valenciennes for Margaret of Constantinople, countess of Hainaut between 1275 and 1280. The reverse has been fitted wit…
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Find number: SUSS-542132
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Medieval silver Petit Gros of Margaret of Constantinople who was countess of Flanders from 1244 to 1278 and countess of Hainaut from 1244 to 1…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: ESS
Created: 2 years ago
Updated: 2 years ago

Other formats: this page is available as qrcode json xml geojson pdf rdf representations.