BH-3760CE: Roman belt plate

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BELT

Unique ID: BH-3760CE

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A copper-alloy element from the centre of an openwork belt-plate dating to the mid second or third centuries AD. The fitting comprises a bar of three adjoining oval cells with circumferential rims of reserve metal. The cells are empty although originally would have contained enamel. Each end of the plate terminates in a flat, semi-circular extension with a small, offset trapezoidal lug. The underside of the element is plain. The belt fitting measures 38mm in length and 10mm in width. It has a thickness of 3mm. It weighs 3 grams.

Elements like the one recorded here formed the centrepiece of elaborate millefiori belt-plates and are thought to date from the Antonine period onwards. These have been found at military sites such as Carnuntum (Bishop and Coulston 2009, 183, no. 1) and South Shields (Allason-Jones and Miket 1984, p.94-95, nos. 3.10 and 3.11, Pl. VI). Similar bars of enamelled cells are known from Corbridge (Corbridge Museum 75.599), Brough (BM 74.12-28.17) and Caerleon (Arch. Camb. CXIX, 1971, p. 58, fig. 17). Hoss classifies belt mounts of this type as Type B.24 ('South Shields' type) and notes that they are found at sites associated with the Roman military dating to the second and third century AD with the examples from South Shields in particular dated to c. AD 200 (Hoss 2019, 190).

Notes:

2015 SF 26

Class: Plate

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 150
Date to: Circa AD 300

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 38 mm
Width: 10 mm
Thickness: 3 mm
Weight: 3 g

Personal details

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Other reference numbers

Other reference: Box 22, Bag 1

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Secondary material: Enamel
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Fragment

Spatial metadata

Region: North East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Darlington (Unitary Authority)
District: Darlington (Unitary Authority)
Parish or ward: Piercebridge (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: NZ2115
Four figure Latitude: 54.52984883
Four figure longitude: -1.67701825
1:25K map: NZ2115
1:10K map: NZ21NW
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Other chance find
Discovery circumstances: While diving in the River Tees

References cited

Author Publication Year Title Publication Place Publisher Pages Reference
Allason-Jones, L. and Miket, R. 1984 Catalogue of Small Finds from South Shields Roman Fort Gloucester Society of Antiquaries of London
Bishop, M.C. and Coulston, J.C.N. 2006 Roman Military Equipment from the Punic Wars to the Fall of Rome Oxford Oxbow
Stefanie Hoss 2014 Cingulum Militare. Studien zum r├Âmischen Soldateng├╝rtel des 1. bis 3. Jh. n. Chr. Leiden Leiden University

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: BH
Created: 5 years ago
Updated: 3 years ago

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