LIN-CD2908: Anglo-Saxon copper alloy openwork escutcheon

Rights Holder: Lincolnshire County Council
CC License:


Rights Holder: Lincolnshire County Council
CC License:

Rights Holder: Lincolnshire County Council
CC License:

Rights Holder: Lincolnshire County Council
CC License:

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VESSEL

Unique ID: LIN-CD2908

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Treasure case no. 2016 T838: a set of three Anglo-Saxon hanging bowl escutcheons. All three are made of copper-alloy, and have an openwork, circular and slightly convex body, with a hook cast in one piece with the escutcheon. All three bear a similar openwork design on the front, primarily comprising three sub-triangular openwork cells arranged evenly around the centre to form a crude triskele motif of reserve metal. Minor variations within this theme are visible across the group, however, and no two are the same.

Escutcheon A: Diam: 60mm; height: 78mm; thickness: 2mm; weight: 33.64g.

This is the most complete escutcheon in the set. The body is corroded and pitted, but there is possibly a ringed-dot motif in the centre. The right-hand side of the escutcheon is missing; the breaks are worn and patinated. At the top of the escutcheon is a swollen crescent which forms a neat ledge at the top, from which extends an incomplete hook. The hook is faceted at the base, and decorated with a pair of incised lines which form a band across the top of the facet. The hook is sub-oval in section and broken at the top. The break is worn and patianted. Traces of silvering or tinning are visible on the surface.

The reverse of the escutcheon is concave, corroded, and contains traces of a silver coloured sheen, perhaps representing the solder used to attach it to the bowl.

Escutcheon B: Diam: 61mm; height: 65mm; thickness: 2mm; weight: 42.30g.

Details mainly as Escutcheon A, but the ringed dot is clumsily located off-centre to the lower left. The hook is missing.

Escutcheon C: Diam: 61mm; height: 66mm; thickness: 2mm; weight: 39.90g.

Details mainly as Escutcheon A but the central ringed dot is clear. It comprises two thick rings, enclosed by a pair of thin rings. A pair of scored lines run around the perimeter. The right-hand side of the frame is damaged. The breaks are worn and patinated.

Discussion

Excavation of the find spot revealed the base of an almost entirely plough-damaged hanging bowl. Among the surviving body fragments was a piece of an escutcheon hook, which joins onto escutcheon B. The bowl is recorded as LIN-74E196, and is identified as a Folded Rim Type C bowl (Bruce-Mitford 2005: 11).

Bruce-Mitford regarded the openwork escutcheon group as representing an early form of hanging bowl, dating from the fifth and earlier sixth centuries; however, Stevenson argues they are probably of late sixth or seventh-century date. This latter suggestion fits better with the other items found in association with the openwork escutcheons, and also the identification of the bowl as a Type C - a type which has been argued to date to the second half of the seventh century (Bruce-Mitford 2005: 36).

Notes:

These objects were found in plough soil in association with several other objects that together strongly indicate they derive from a high status female burial dating to the later seventh century. Other objects include a set of hanging bowl mounts (PAS ref. LIN-CC7FA4), an incomplete hanging bowl (LIN-74E196), gold and garnet pendant (PAS ref.LIN-9FF479), two buckles (PAS refs LIN-425672 and LIN-421FD4), a scale pan (LIN-4577D7), and a copper alloy Woden headed terminal (LIN-756E6A). The assemblage is recorded as a whole under the Treasure reference number 2016 T838.

Class: hanging bowl

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Submitted for consideration as Treasure

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2016T838

Chronology

Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Early
Period from: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod to: Early
Period to: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 650
Date to: Circa AD 700

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 3

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Dr Adam Daubney
Identified by: Dr Adam Daubney

Other reference numbers

Treasure case number: 2016T838

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: East Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Lincolnshire (County)
District: East Lindsey (District)
To be known as: near Louth

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: GPS (From FLO)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: LIN
Created: 2 years ago
Updated: 5 months ago

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