SOM-7FED19: Roman penannular brooch

Rights Holder: Somerset County Council
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BROOCH

Unique ID: SOM-7FED19

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete Roman copper alloy pennanular brooch of Type D3 dating to the first to eary second century AD or 4th cnetury AD. The brooch is formed of a penanular (incomplete) ring of flat rectangular section that is now incomplete due to a worn abraded break at one terminal. This ring decorated with circumfrential raised ribs, running aound both the inner and outer edges and a series of punched dots that run in a continous band around the centre. The back is flat with no traces of decoration. The only surviving terminal was formed by bending the end of the ring forward and over onto itself and is a square of 4.54mm in width, that is raised 1.60mm above the ring, and is decorated with a saltire cross flanked by pellets and an incised lines which forms a border on the ring side. There is a slight projection on the end of the terminal opposite the ring.

The pin simply hooks over the rim, by folding so that a 6.63mm loop is created. The pin itself is flat copper alloy sheet, 3.1mm wide and tapers along its 32.3mm length to a sharp triangular point. It is now concave and the point slightly chipped. The back has a faint groove down the centre, probably from hammering the sides in.

The brooch is 6.15g in weight and is 36.59mm in diameter, with a thickness of 2.52mm.

A very similar brooch was recorded in Wiltshire ( WILT-67E314) although missing its pin. A similar brooch is also illustrated in Bayley & Butcher (2004; 139 no 420) which is dated to the fourth century, although the decoration around the ring on that example has a continous band of punched diagonal grooves forming a rope pattern, whereas this example like WILT-67E314 has a single band of continous punched dots. Booth (following Fowler) identifies examples with these terminals as Type D3 which is most common c.AD 20 to 140 and AD 300-400. She suggests type D in general has a West Midlands and West of england (but not South Western) distribution (unpub summary produced for PAS).

Class: Pennanular
Sub class: Type D3

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: IRON AGE
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 20
Date to: Circa AD 400

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Thickness: 2.52 mm
Weight: 6.15 g
Diameter: 36.59 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Friday 1st January 2016 - Thursday 20th October 2016

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Susan Walker
Identified by: Ms Susan Walker
Secondary identifier: Ms Laura Burnett

Other reference numbers

Other reference: SCC receipt 017439

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: South West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Somerset (County)
District: South Somerset (District)
To be known as: Chiselborough

Spatial coordinates


Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SOM
Created: 2 years ago
Updated: 2 years ago

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