SOM-7F1B07: Roman Aesica variant brooch

Rights Holder: Somerset County Council
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Unique ID: SOM-7F1B07

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

The fan tail foot and upper part of the lower plate of a Aesica variant dating to the 1st to 2nd century AD. The upper bow and head and the pin are missing.

The remaining section of the body is broadly hexagonal. It has a cut off straight top where it abutted or joined the head, this is now worn and it is not clear if it is broken. The sides are triangular with concave sides, expanding into a point to each side, closer to the base than the top, the point is extended into a thickened, rounded knop. The base is also straight and thickens slightly where it joins the trapezoid tail. In the lowere half of this upper part is an irregular cental hole which would have held the rivet at the end of the bow.

The foot is broadly trapezoid, with the side edges turned into raised ribs that are convex at the front and flat on the back and project slightly into a knop at the base. Down the cnetre of the foot run three incised parallel lines onw formed of a series of small punched dots, the other two joined by multiple cross lines. The back of the foot is plain, but has contains the remains of the now incomplete catchplate running down the centre that is 0.95mm thick and 13.97mm in length.

Hattatt illustrates several generally similar feet on aesica type brooches (2001:310) particularly no.799 from Wiltshire which has ribs running down the centre of the foot as well. Bayley and Butcher (2004:150-151) group these types together as 'Hook Norton and related types' and suggest a mid first century date for all of them.

The brooch is 31.14mm long, with a maximum width of 18.84mm, a thickness of 1.64mm and a weight of 7.33g

Class: Aesica

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: IRON AGE
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 25
Date to: Circa AD 75

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 31.14 mm
Width: 18.84 mm
Thickness: 1.64 mm
Weight: 7.33 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Friday 1st January 2016 - Thursday 20th October 2016

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Susan Walker
Identified by: Ms Susan Walker
Secondary identifier: Ms Laura Burnett

Other reference numbers

Other reference: SCC Receipt 017439

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

County or Unitary authority: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: West Knoyle

Spatial coordinates

Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SOM
Created: 2 years ago
Updated: 2 years ago

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