FAKL-CCF8FB: Early Medieval cloisonné enamel brooch

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Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

Early Medieval cloisonné enamel brooch. Gilt cast copper alloy with pseudo filigree and granulation. In its centre is a 15.5mm diameter x 2.0mm high collet containing enamel/glass inlay. This consist of four, rectangular pieces of pale blue glass arranged to form a cross. Between these elements are four keystone shaped pieces of dark blue glass which may have been made up of smaller pieces or have been fragmented. In the centre of the setting is what appears to be a piece of degraded white glass. It is not possible to see walls between the cells and this brooch might be better describes as glass inlay rather than enamel. Around the edge of the brooch are four collets each containing a blue glass cabochon. Separating these are four filigree panels each containing two diverging scrolls terminating in what a 1.5mm diameter settings. These now contain a blue-white material which might be degraded glass. On the outer curve of each scroll is granulated pellet. The scroll motif extends onto projections on the edge of the brooch where the scrolls and settings are repeated, with a further setting at their junction. The central collet is surrounded by a filigree ring. The back of the brooch is gilded and bears the remains of the fittings for the pin and catch plate.

Brooches of this type were discussed by Buckton (1986: pp. 15-16) who saw them as being English products, based on continental and Byzantine originals. This brooch differs from those discussed by Buckton in their use of filigree but can be compared to examples from Suffolk (SF-210C3F, SF-68E55B and SF-16D477) this find usefully extending their geographical range. They date from the tenth-eleventh century. Diameter 30.0mm, Thickness 4.5mm, Mass 8.75g

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: Include in MedArch

Class: cloisonné enamelled (Weetch Type 20)
Sub class: other (Weetch Type 20 other)

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Late
Subperiod to: Late
Ascribed Culture: Anglo-Saxon style
Date from: Circa AD 900
Date to: Circa AD 1100

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Thickness: 4.5 mm
Weight: 8.75 g
Diameter: 30 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Thursday 8th September 2016

Personal details

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Other reference numbers

Other reference: SWY 808

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Secondary material: Enamel
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Complete
Surface Treatment: Gilded

Spatial metadata

Region: Yorkshire and the Humber (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Leeds (Metropolitan District)
District: Leeds (Metropolitan District)
Parish or ward: Collingham (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SE3847
Four figure Latitude: 53.91775684
Four figure longitude: -1.42292602
1:25K map: SE3847
1:10K map: SE34NE
Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Discovery circumstances: Metal detecting

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: FAKL
Created: 5 years ago
Updated: 5 years ago

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