WILT-247826: Bronze Age torc

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
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TORC

Unique ID: WILT-247826

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Description:

A fragment of a gold torc. The torc consists of an elongated shape bar that is broken on both ends and circular in cross section. One of the ends has been hammered and flattened.

Dimensions:

The fragment measures 25.71mm in length, 7.61mm in maximum width 5.72mm thick. The object weighs 6.89g.

Metal composition: Non-destructive X-ray fluorescence analysis of a gold torc fragment indicated a surface composition of approximately 94-97% gold, 3-5% silver, the rest being copper (see appended report for details).

Discussion and Date:

It was originally believed that this gold torc fragment may belong to the Middle Bronze Age based on parallels to a known type of fragment dating to the Penard period (c.1300 - 1150 BC). However, on closer examination it was recognised that the form and decoration (i.e. twist) of the torc is not similar to Bronze Age torcs and the composition of the goldwork is also dissimilar to Bronze Age torcs (see Murgia et al. n.d.). Wider consultation was made among specialist colleagues at the British Museum but the object could not be securely dated as ancient (over 300 years old) and can therefore be disclaimed as a case of Treasure.

Conclusions:

This object contains more than 10% precious metal but it cannot be shown to be over 300 years old. Consequently, in terms of age and precious metal content, the object does not qualifies as potential Treasure under the stipulations of the Treasure Act 1996.

Reference: Murgia, A., Melkonian, M. & Roberts, B.W. [no date] European Bronze Age Gold in the British Museum. Available at:

Class: Flange twisted

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: BRONZE AGE
Subperiod from: Middle
Period from: BRONZE AGE
Subperiod to: Middle
Period to: BRONZE AGE
Date from: Circa 1400 BC
Date to: Circa 1150 BC

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 25.71 mm
Width: 7.61 mm
Thickness: 5.72 mm
Weight: 6.89 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 21st August 2016

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Miss Cristina Sanna
Identified by: Miss Cristina Sanna

Other reference numbers

Other reference: WHM 2016-112

Materials and construction

Primary material: Gold
Completeness: Fragment

Spatial metadata

Region: South West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: Cherhill

Spatial coordinates


Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: WILT
Created: 2 years ago
Updated: About one year ago

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