WILT-10D8FE: Post-medieval buckle

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
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Unique ID: WILT-10D8FE

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

A medieval copper alloy T-shaped buckle of 13th- or 14th-century date. The buckle is complete and comprises a rectangular frame with an integral slot at right angles, and separate copper-alloy bar on which a copper-alloy pin hinges.

The frame is wide but short, and undecorated. It has a grooved pin rest in the centre of the outside edge. At the opposite side (the inside edge) there is a rectangular slot at right angles to the frame, which thickens to accommodate a hole for the separate bar. The pin hinges on the bar and fits snugly into the slot; its movement is limited by the fit of the frame. The pin is squared off at the point so that it is flush with the edge of the frame. The pin is square in cross-section but is stepped outwards on the underside, and on the top it is stepped up before curving downwards and shaped to match the profile of the frame.

Beyond the point where the pin is hinged, there is a short area of solid plate, rectangular in cross-section, which ends in a raised rib on the sides and top surface. Beyond the rib is a rounded loop with a circular hole pierced through it in the same plane as the rest of the buckle, i.e. from front to back.

There are some filing marks on the pin and on the frame. The reverse of the buckle is flat and undecorated. The patina is dark brownish green. The buckle weighs 9.87g and measures 37.64mm in length, 28.41 in width and the frame is 3.35mm thick.

Compare similar buckles NLM-369C73, SUR-C74125, SUR-1B596F, NMS-039367, DENO-4B97A8, WAW-B672C5, NARC-F0DCF6, etc. A pair of these buckles is recorded at NCL-5D3D67, with a copper-alloy wire link passing through their loops. Pairs of similar buckles, but with hinged ends rather than loops, are recorded at HESH-132E83 and BERK-703D40 still attached to swivels which can be dated to the 13th or 14th century. It seems likely that these buckles had a specialist use, perhaps as pairs on animal leashes.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Period to: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1200
Date to: Circa AD 1400

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 37.64 mm
Width: 28.41 mm
Thickness: 3.36 mm
Weight: 9.87 g

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mrs Alyson Tanner
Identified by: Mrs Alyson Tanner

Other reference numbers

Other reference: WHM E2016-112

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: South West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: West Lavington

Spatial coordinates

Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: WILT
Created: 2 years ago
Updated: 2 years ago

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