HESH-207BB4: 'Gun Money' Crown of James II 1690

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
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Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
CC License:

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COIN

Unique ID: HESH-207BB4

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Crown 'Gun Money' of James II 1690.

Obverse: King on prancing horse advancing left with drawn sword. Inscription: IACOBVS II BRI FRA ET HIB REX.

Reverse: Central crown with four square shields surrounding, one on each axis. The shields bare the heraldic devices of (Clockwise) England (three lions - passant), Scotland (Lion -rampant), France (three fluer-de-lys) and Ireland (Harp). The Scottish shield is barely visible. Above the crown on either side of the English Shield is ANO DOM. And beneath the crown either side of the French Shield is 16 90. Inscription: 90 MAG BR ET /ORE TRI/VMPHO.

This coin has been restruck from a half crown to a crown. Parts of the original half crown design and inscription are still visible through the later striking and this explains the differences in the inscription which varies from the standard issue. This restriking is due to a shortage of metal late in 1690 causing James II to reduce the size of the half crowns and shillings, the old halfcrowns were also restruck as crowns.

On the obverse the nose and the back of the head from the original half crown are clearly visible and the inscription is garbled. The half crown legend should read IACOBUS REX DEI GRATIA and the crown inscription should read IAC II DEI GRA MAG BRI FRA ET HIB REX.

The reverse is similarly distorted as the second striking is poor. The elements which show through from the original are the two diagonal septres which pass through the central crown and the R on the right hand side of the crown. The reverse half crown inscription should read: Date (1690) MAG BR FRA ET HIB REX and the crown inscription should read: CHRISTO VICTORE TRIVMPHO.

Class: Gun Money

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
Period from: POST MEDIEVAL
Ascribed Culture:
Date from: AD 1690

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Weight: 11.82 g
Diameter: 32.5 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Monday 10th May 2004

Personal details

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Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered

Coin data (numismatics)

Denomination: Crown (silver)
Ruler/issuer: James II of England
Category: Modern
Obverse description: King on prancing horse advancing left with drawn sword
Obverse inscription: IACOBVS II BRI FRA ET HIB REX
Reverse description: Central crown with four square shields surrounding, one on each axis. The shield bare the heraldic devices of (Clockwise) England (three lions - passant), Scotland (Lion -rampant), France (three fluer-de-lys) and Ireland (Harp). The Scottish shield is barely visible. Above the crown on either side of the English Shield is ANO DOM. And beneath the crown either side of the French Shield is 16 90.
Reverse inscription: 90 MAG BR ET /ORE TRI/VMPHO
Die axis measurement: 6 o'clock

Coin references

No coin references available.

Spatial metadata

Region: West Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Shropshire (Unitary Authority)
District: Shropshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish or ward: Culmington (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SO4781
Four figure Latitude: 52.424405
Four figure longitude: -2.780828
1:25K map: SO4781
1:10K map: SO48SE
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

Author Publication Year Title Publication Place Publisher Pages Reference
Seaby, P. 1984 Coins of Scotland, Ireland and the Islands: Standard Catalogue of British Coins, Volume 2 Spink and Son Ltd 155 6577

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: HESH
Created: 17 years ago
Updated: 11 years ago

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