LANCUM-DD3110: Spade guinea token

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
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GAMING PIECE

Unique ID: LANCUM-DD3110

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A complete, Post Medieval to Early Modern, extremely worn copper-alloy milled imitation half-guinea depicting George III (1760-1820), milled during the late 19th Century, c. 1850-c. 1900.

Obverse: [GEORGIVS·III DEI GRATIA] George III, wearing a laureate wreath, facing right. Pellet stop at end of legend.

Reverse: [...].1790; Crowned wide spade shaped shield, with date below.

The shield bears four panels containing detailed rendering of rampant lions, and passant lion, harp and fleur de lys. The third quarter is split into three, depicting a stylised two lions rampant, a stylised lion passant of Scotland and a third lion rampant at the base, with a shield in the centre. The originals were nicknamed 'spade' guineas due to the shape of the shield.

The gaming piece was pierced at the top (loop/link still in place) and both obverse and reverse surfaces are extremely worn. Other examples have been recorded on the database including LIN-CF1259.

Taken from LIN-CF1259:

The Token Corresponding Society (www.tokensociety.org.uk - accessed, 14/10/2014) offers the following information on these imitations: There is an extensive series of over 1,000 different Imitation Spade Guineas, issued not in gold but in brass or bronze. Some are gilt which can make it look like gold and this does cause some confusion. They were mostly struck in the 1800's, during the reign of Queen Victoria, but to avoid the Counterfeit Laws they, usually, have the bust of King George III on the obverse and, usually, the reverse includes the spade shield, - hence the name "spade guinea". To qualify as an Imitation Spade Guinea a coin must have one or both of these aspects.

The guineas range between 24-27mm diameter and the half guineas 20-22mm.

Many coins are dated in the 1700's and not in the 1800's, to reinforce that they were not real currency guineas. Their purpose was as gaming / gambling counters, to look like sovereigns and half sovereigns, to show off the expertise of the engravers and manufacturers, many of whom were named on the piece - mainly from Birmingham, UK - and as advertising tokens for many types of business, as "give away's" and promotional items.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: MODERN
Period from: MODERN
Period to: MODERN
Date from: Circa AD 1850
Date to: Exactly AD 1900

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Thickness: 0.7 mm
Weight: 1.66 g
Diameter: 20 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 24th April 2016

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Dr Dot Boughton
Identified by: Dr Dot Boughton
Secondary identifier: Dr Dot Boughton

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Milled
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: North West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Cumbria (County)
District: Eden (District)
To be known as: Longtown

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: LANCUM
Created: 2 years ago
Updated: About one year ago

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