SWYOR-88FD3D: Iron Age or Roman brooch

Rights Holder: West Yorkshire Archaeology Advisory Service
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BROOCH

Unique ID: SWYOR-88FD3D

Object type certainty: Probably
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A copper alloy object, probably an Iron Age or Roman brooch dating from about 100 BC - AD 100. The object is bent into a U shape and has a brassy patina. It looks like the lower arm and catchplate of a brooch. The lower bow tapers to a point and the catchplate is rectangular with a convex tapering lower edge. The upper bow widens slightly before a narrower area, then a rounded, thicker boss. This may be the remains of an acaunthus button, but the acanthus part is on the reverse of the bow, and the front is smooth. There is another waist above this, and then a smaller rounded knop before the brooch tapers to a rod of circular section. This could be all that survives of an integral spring.

If it is a brooch, it is not clear what type is it. It has similarities to Trumpet brooches, but is also reminisent of continental knickfibeln and British birdlip type (SF-557D28), or the continental 'Augenfibeln' or Eye brooch (SF-7C5F65 and CAM-0DC9B2). A brooch with a similar catchplate is described as a La Tene (III) bow brooch (HESH-1C30C3) but the parallels with Bow brooches of the 1st century AD, specifically European 'eye type' brooches and British bow brooches - Aylesford and Birdlip - are pointed out.

The object in its current bent form is 35.4mm long, 22.8mm wide and 7.2mm thick. 8.42g. The patina is very thin, and unusual for an object of Iron Age or Roman date, but this could be the result of post-recovery wear.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: IRON AGE
Period from: IRON AGE
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa 100 BC
Date to: Circa AD 100

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 35.4 mm
Width: 22.8 mm
Thickness: 7.2 mm
Weight: 8.42 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Saturday 26th September 2015 - Saturday 26th September 2015

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Amy Downes
Identified by: Ms Amy Downes

Other reference numbers

Other reference: PAS form number 2905

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: Yorkshire and the Humber (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: East Riding of Yorkshire (Unitary Authority)
District: East Riding of Yorkshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish or ward: Welton (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SE9726
Four figure Latitude: 53.72140026
Four figure longitude: -0.53147455
1:25K map: SE9726
1:10K map: SE92NE
Grid reference source: Centred on field
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

Similar objects

Find number: SF-557D28
Object type: BROOCH
Broadperiod: ROMAN
An incomplete copper-alloy Roman brooch fragment, possibly from a trumpet or derivative brooch. Part of the head and upper bow survive, the r…
Workflow: On reviewFind on review

Find number: HESH-1C30C3
Object type: BROOCH
Broadperiod: IRON AGE
A near complete La Tene (III) bow brooch of late Iron Age - or very early Roman date (100 BC - 50 AD). The fragment consists of a small part …
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Find number: SF-7C5F65
Object type: BOW BROOCH
Broadperiod: IRON AGE
An incomplete cast copper-alloy continental 'Augenfibeln' or Eye brooch of Iron Age date. It is missing the spring and pin due to old breaks …
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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SWYOR
Created: About one year ago
Updated: About one year ago

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