LANCUM-F77C43: Roman brooch

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
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Unique ID: LANCUM-F77C43

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete copper alloy "kräftig-profilierte" or 'strongly profiled' brooch dating from the earlier Roman period (AD 43-AD 100). The brooch survives in good shape with only the pin and part of the spring missing. The other components are in very good condition, with a smooth patina. The brooch can be classified as a "kräftig-profilierte" type. It has short wings that are slightly concave at rear in order to form a seating for a bilateral spring of which about half is missing. A claw at the rear would have secured the interior chord which is an extension of the spring. The bow flares outwards and downwards and then tapers inwards to a collar. Below the collar curves forwards slightly and is circular in cross-section. The terminal at the foot is missing. The catch-plate is missing the curled-over part that accommodated the pin-tip.

A close parallel for this brooch is one from Colchester which has been dated contextually to the mid-first century AD (Crummy, N. 1983. "Colchester Archaeological Report 2: The Roman small finds from excavations in Colchester 1971-9". 11, fig. 6, no. 37. Colchester: Colchester Archaeological Trust.

Another close parallel for this brooch is from Richborough, Kent (Bayley, J and Butcher, S. 2004, "Roman Brooches in Britain: A Technological and Typological Study based on the Richborough Collection". 59, fig. 42, 41. The Society of Antiquaries).

One-piece "kräftig-profilierte" brooches are probably the progenitors of the well known and comparably prolific native British Trumpet brooch and are regarded as Pannonian in origin. They are well known in Claudian forts in the Rhine/Danube provinces. They also occur further north and east, including the region of the Elbe and Oder and in Bohemia. This type of brooch is far less common in Britain and most come from the eastern side of the country. It has been suggested that the type came to Britain with the Ninth Legion from Pannonia. Further information is given on the origins and development of "kräftig-profilierte" brooches by Hattatt, R. 1985. "Iron Age and Roman Brooches". 64).


Similar brooch types have been recorded on The Portable Antiquities Scheme database. For example, see finds: BERK-27D1B0; IOW-D25AD7; IOW-13FD31; KENT-DA9EA4; LVPL-1B0623; SUR-4FB6A4; SUSS-010D85, SUSS-390922 and IOW-6FD541.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 43
Date to: Circa AD 100

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 53 mm
Height: 29 mm
Width: 21 mm
Thickness: 4 mm
Weight: 23.94 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Friday 1st July 2016

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Dr Dot Boughton
Identified by: Dr Dot Boughton
Secondary identifier: Mr Frank Basford

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: North West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Cumbria (County)
District: South Lakeland (District)
To be known as: Kirkby Lonsdale

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: LANCUM
Created: 2 years ago
Updated: 2 years ago

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