WMID-962ED9: Medieval gold annular brooch (profile, front and reverse)

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
CC License:

Image use policy

Our images can be used under a CC BY attribution licence (unless stated otherwise).


Unique ID: WMID-962ED9

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A gold annular brooch dating to the 13th - 14th centuries. The brooch is circular with a D-shaped cross section. The reverse is flat and the upper face convex. The frame has a constriction for the pin placed at 12 o'clock with the inscription starting at 1 o'clock. The front has incised letters in capitals reading IESVICIY or IESVICIR. The interior side of the frame is decorated with punched rings. The pin is an elongated triangle which is curled around the constriction forming the attachment loop. The pin has a horizontal rib in light relief to form a collar at the inside edge. There is no pin rest. The reverse is undecorated.

Dimensions: Thickness: 2.45 mm, diameter: 13.75 mm and weight: 0.8 g

Discussion: Malcolm Jones comments that the inscription can possibly be read as IE SV ICI with a possible Y or R as the final symbol. In which case the translation is 'I am here' with perhaps the last letter R or Y being the initial of the name of a women or man's beloved for whom the object was made. The final character may also be purely decorative.

An alternative interpretation is that the inscription is ambiguous, with 'JESV' meaning Jesus which is spelt the same as 'I am' in French.

A direct parallel for the inscription has not been found, but there are a number of gold annular brooches with inscriptions dated to the 13th to 14th centuries AD recorded on the PAS database, such as NMGW-C8B7F2 discovered in Shropshire and IOW-B09925 discovered on the Isle of Wight. Egan and Pritchard (1991) illustrate a silver example on page 254 which is dated to circa AD 1350-1400.

References: Egan, G. and Pritchard, F., (1991) Dress Accessories, 1150-c.1450 (Medieval Finds from Excavations in London). London , The Boydell Press.


Consequently, in terms of age and as the object contains a minimum of 10% precious metal, it qualifies as Treasure under the stipulations of the Treasure Act 1996.


Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Submitted for consideration as Treasure

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2016T487


Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Period to: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1200
Date to: Circa AD 1400

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Thickness: 2.45 mm
Weight: 0.8 g
Diameter: 13.75 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Saturday 26th March 2016 - Saturday 26th March 2016

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Miss Victoria Allnatt
Identified by: Miss Victoria Allnatt
Secondary identifier: Mr Malcolm Jones

Other reference numbers

SMR reference number: 61729
Treasure case number: 2016T487

Materials and construction

Primary material: Gold
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: Eastern (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Norfolk (County)
District: Broadland (District)
To be known as: Coltishall

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

References cited

Similar objects

Find number: NMGW-C8B7F2
Object type: BROOCH
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Gold annular brooch. It comprises a circular frame, now distorted (with a distorted length of 16.0mm, a distorted width of 13.8mm and a weight…
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Find number: DENO-1AF752
Object type: BROOCH
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
Gold annular brooch with circular frame, D-shaped in cross-section - rounded on the reverse and flattened on the front. The frame has a constr…
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Find number: YORYM-B9F1B3
Object type: BUCKLE
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
A cast copper alloy annular buckle, with a pin constriction. The brooch has a diameter measurement of 21.04mm and it is 2.7mm thick. The pin …
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: WMID
Created: 2 years ago
Updated: 11 months ago

Other formats: this page is available as qrcode json xml geojson pdf rdf representations.