ESS-5945F8: A fragment of a Roman enamelled copper alloy vessel, dating to the 2nd century AD

Rights Holder: Colchester and Ipswich Museum Service
CC License:

Image use policy

Our images can be used under a CC BY attribution licence (unless stated otherwise).


Unique ID: ESS-5945F8

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A fragment of a Roman enamelled copper alloy vessel, dating to the 2nd century AD. The fragment is slightly curved, indicating it once belonged to a rounded vessel such as a cup or pan (patera). It is decorated on the external surface with cells which would have held enamel. Traces of a fortified turret are visible within a square recess. There are small notches running around the edge of the recess to add to the decoration. To the right of the recess is a series of four pointed ovals forming a saltire-shaped cross, with a curved triangle to the left and right fitting in between two of the pointed ovals. Above the design is an inscription which would have been a variation of: [MAIS.COGGABATA.UXELODU]NUM.C[AMMOGLANNA.RIGOREVALI...]. There is an engraved line running around the rim of the object. The metal is a mid-light green with dark brown staining with the enamel cells.

This fragment comes from an object that was similar to enamelled copper alloy vessels tha have been found across Western Europe. These include the Rudge cup (British Museum no.1964,1007.1), Staffordshire Moorlands pan (WMID-3FE965), the Amiens Patera (Heurgon, 1951) and, as noted by Sally Worrell, the most similar in design is the Hildburgh fragment (V&A no. M.78-1949). These objects are believed to have been souvenirs from the Roman frontier at Hadrian's wall, though all surviving examples only reference forts along the Western stretch of the wall. The forts mentioned are Bowness (MAIS), Drumburgh (COGGABATA), Stanwix (UXELODUNUM) and Castlesteads (CAMMOGLANNA), with RIGOREVALI believed to translate as "along the line of the wall" (Guy de la Beydoyere, 2004, 344).Their precise function is unclear, whether they were functional vessels or purely for show. They have been dated from the 2nd century into the 3rd century AD. This is largely based on the names of the forts included in the lists.

Dimensions: length: 40.73 mm; width: 32.06 mm; thickness: 3.21 mm; weight: 12.09 g.


Heurgon, J. 1951. The Amiens Patera, The Journal of Roman Studies. 41: 1, pp. 22-24.

De la Bedoyere, G. 2004. Inscriptions (in Tomlin, R.S.O. and Hassall, M.W.C., Roman Britain in 2003, XXXV, pp. 344-345,

Sally Worrell, National Finds Advisor - Prehistoric, Iron Age and Roman artefacts

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: National importance

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 100
Date to: Circa AD 200

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 40.73 mm
Width: 32.06 mm
Thickness: 3.21 mm
Weight: 12.09 g

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr B Paites
Identified by: Mr B Paites
Secondary identifier: Ms Sally Worrell

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Decoration style: Geometric
Completeness: Fragment

Spatial metadata

Region: Eastern (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Essex (County)
District: Basildon (District)
Parish or ward: Bowers Gifford and North Benfleet (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: TQ7588
Four figure Latitude: 51.56372323
Four figure longitude: 0.52338945
1:25K map: TQ7588
1:10K map: TQ78NE
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

No references cited so far.

Similar objects

Find number: WMID-3FE965
Object type: VESSEL
Broadperiod: ROMAN
A 'patera' or handled pan, known as 'The Staffordshire Pan', cast in copper alloy with elaborate enamelled decoration and a Latin inscription…
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Find number: YORYM-20B68C
Object type: VESSEL
Broadperiod: ROMAN
An incomplete copper alloy enamelled vessel of Roman date, c.AD43-150. Eight fragments including a handle, base, and six body pieces were fou…
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Find number: NLM-F50443
Object type: VESSEL
Broadperiod: ROMAN
An incomplete cast copper alloy enamelled Roman 'patera' or handled pan. The body of the vessel is convex and has a slightly thickened rim wi…
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: ESS
Created: About one year ago
Updated: About one year ago

Other formats: this page is available as qrcode json xml geojson pdf rdf representations.