SF-2F449E: SF-2DD691: Early medieval mount

Rights Holder: Suffolk County Council
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MOUNT

Unique ID: SF-2F449E

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete gold and enamel early medieval mount inlaid with cloisonné enamel. It is quatrefoil in shape with a circular hole through the centre. There is a raised rim around the outer edge and the hole leaving a recessed area within. This is separated into cells with gold wire, which are each filled with different shade of enamel. Long, branch-like 'fleur-de-lis' style cells extend into each of the four lobes, two filled with dark blue and two with yellow enamel. Between these small ovals extend from the central hole, each filled with white enamel. Surrounding this design is a translucent green enamel background. The reverse is undecorated with no visible means of attachment. It survives in fairly good condition, but several sections of enamel are loose and/or missing.

Notes:

This object shares similarities with Anglo-Saxon and Continental cloisonné enamelled brooches (e.g. PAS record KENT-C63F33) and finger-rings (e.g. British Museum 1951,0205.1) of the late ninth to eleventh centuries, but its form suggests that it functioned as a mount of some sort. Gold and enamelled mounts using similar colours, albeit slightly smaller in size and of simpler circular form, have been found in Hampshire (PAS database HAMP-EBBA05; British Museum 2007,8049.1) and Eye, Suffolk (PAS database SF-176F05; British Museum 2005,0901.1). It is thought that the Hampshire mount formed part of a Crucifixion scene, and that both mounts may have been part of a larger composite religious object, such as the eleventh-century Cross of Mathilde in Essen, Germany. Parallels can also be drawn with other composite cloisonné enamelled objects like the Alfred Jewel and the Minster Lovell Jewel, both in the collections of the Ashmolean Museum. It is possible, therefore, that the present item may have formed an element of a larger decorative scheme on a larger object like one of these.

Date: Early medieval, probably tenth to eleventh centuries

Conclusion:

The object contains a minimum of 10% precious metal and is over 300 years old. Consequently it qualifies as Treasure under the stipulations of the Treasure Act 1996 in terms of both age and precious metal content.

Valued by the Treasure Valuation Committee (02/08/17) at £1,000.

Find of note status

This has been noted as an interesting find by the recorder.

Subsequent actions

Current location of find: Moyse's Hall Museum, Bury St Edmunds
Subsequent action after recording: Acquired by museum after being declared Treasure

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2016T423

Chronology

Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod to: Late
Period to: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 900
Date to: Circa AD 1100

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 20.41 mm
Width: 20.16 mm
Thickness: 2.12 mm
Weight: 2.83 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Friday 1st April 2016

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Anna Booth
Identified by: Ms Anna Booth

Other reference numbers

Treasure case number: 2016T423

Materials and construction

Primary material: Gold
Secondary material: Enamel
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: Eastern (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Suffolk (County)
District: St. Edmundsbury (District)
To be known as: Near Bury St Edmunds

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: Generated from computer mapping software
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Current location: Moyse's Hall Museum, Bury St Edmunds
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SF
Created: 3 years ago
Updated: 6 months ago

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