LEIC-070179: Medieval gold brooch

Rights Holder: Leicestershire County Council
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BROOCH

Unique ID: LEIC-070179

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

Medieval gold and enamel brooch, 23mm long, 22mm wide and 2mm thick with a weight of 5.31g. The frame is heart shaped (a tapering pointed base with two curved upper edges) with a flat rectangular cross-section. It has a raised border on its upper side which has been filled with white enamel interspersed by raised star-like motifs in gold. Only about half of the enamel remains. Outside the border of the enamel, the brooch has a flat scalloped outer border. There is a pin constriction in the centre of the upper edge, with a gold pin hinged on it. The pin has two rectangular projections at its top end and is rectangular in cross-section, tapering to a slight point.

The reverse of the brooch is engraved with repeating flower motifs, one at either side of the pin constriction, and one either side of the pin rest at the pointed end. Each motif consists of a four-petalled flower on a stem with narrow branching leaves. In between these is an inscription in three words in black-letter Gothic script which reads honor et ioie (Honour and Joy). Part of the script has traces of white enamel inlay.

The form of the brooch and the Gothic script suggest a 15th-century date. It is similar to a heart-shapped brooch from the Fishpool Hoard, now in the British Museum (1967,1208.8), which is dated to the first half of the 15th century.

The inscription 'honnour et joye' is found in black-letter on the interior of the hoop of a gold iconographic finger-ring (1871,0303.2) in the collection of the British Museum, and according to that record, on the ring in the tomb of Archbishop Bower of York, who died in 1423.

Inscription: honor et ioie

Subsequent actions

Current location of find: Sold at Hanson's Auctioneers 23rd August 2017
Subsequent action after recording: Declared Treasure but returned to Finder as Museum unable to acquire

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2016T378

Chronology

Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Period to: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1400
Date to: Circa AD 1450

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 23 mm
Width: 22 mm
Thickness: 2 mm
Weight: 5.31 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Tuesday 3rd May 2016

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Wendy Scott
Identified by: Wendy Scott
Secondary identifier: Ms Beverley Nenk

Other reference numbers

Treasure case number: 2016T378

Materials and construction

Primary material: Gold
Completeness: Complete
Surface Treatment: Inlaid with enamel

Spatial metadata


County or Unitary authority: Leicestershire (County)
District: Blaby (District)
To be known as: LEICESTERSHIRE

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: Generated from computer mapping software
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Current location: Sold at Hanson's Auctioneers 23rd August 2017
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: LEIC
Created: 3 years ago
Updated: 11 months ago

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