LANCUM-21725D: Roman Wirral type brooch

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
CC License:


Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
CC License:

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BROOCH

Unique ID: LANCUM-21725D

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Incomplete enamelled copper alloy Wirral type brooch dating from the 2nd century AD. Almost complete except for foot and pin.

A copper alloy bow brooch of the Wirral type dating to the Roman period. The object is a hinged example. The head is stepped as is typical of this type and is incomplete due to ancient breaks. Most of the head loop is missing. Two of the steps are decorated with a series of incised vertical grooves and there is some blue enamel left in the groove near the foot of the brooch which is also missing,

The upper bow is decorated with three raised vertical panels with alternating enamelled cells, probably alternating between red and blue.

Below the panels is a slight raised rounded knop which has been damaged. The bow tapers below the knop terminating above the foot with an ancient break. On the rear of the brooch the pin and hinge are missing. Only the top part of the catchplate remains. The object has dark greenish brown patina.

The Wirral brooch is thought to have been derived from the trumpet brooch and dates from the 2nd century AD. This type of brooch is known as the Wirral type as the earliest discovery of this type was from the Wirral and it also now thought that this is where the main (if not only) production site was based (Philpott; 1999; 275).

Class: Wirral Type

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 43
Date to: Circa AD 200

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 38.5 mm
Width: 11.5 mm
Thickness: 17 mm
Weight: 11.57 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Thursday 25th February 2016

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Dr Dot Boughton
Identified by: Dr Dot Boughton
Secondary identifier: Miss Frances McIntosh

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Secondary material: Enamel
Manufacture method: Cast
Decoration style: Geometric
Completeness: Incomplete
Surface Treatment: Inlaid with enamel

Spatial metadata

Region: North West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Cumbria (County)
District: Allerdale (District)
To be known as: Holme St Cuthbert

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: LANCUM
Created: 3 years ago
Updated: 2 years ago

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