YORYM-97A047: Roman : Seal Box

Rights Holder: York Museums Trust
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Unique ID: YORYM-97A047

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

An almost complete copper alloy seal box of Andrews (2012) D1 of Roman date. The box in lozenge shaped with a lower container joined to an upper lid by an integral double lugged hinge mechanism. Small integral lobular knops project from three of the outer corners of the box and lid though one has been lost to old worn breaks from the box. The base of the box has four circular perforations.

The lid is decorated with a raised grid design resulting in 25 lozenge shaped cells. Traces of yellow enamel is retained within three cells.

The metal has a dark brownish-green patina and survives in good condition. The seal box is 30.1mm long, 21.2mm wide, 6.8mm thick and weighs 6.7g. The cells are approximately 3.2mm.

Seal boxes were used to protect the wax seals attached to documents and packages and saw the greatest period of use in the 2nd century AD. Crummy (1983, 103) suggests that most seal boxes are of 2nd or 3rd century AD date - indicated by the use of enamel - with their manufacture ceasing in the 3rd century. Examples are rare on 3rd - 4th century excavated sites.

Class: Andrews Type L1D1

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 100
Date to: Circa AD 300

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 30.1 mm
Width: 21.2 mm
Thickness: 6.8 mm
Weight: 6.7 g

Personal details

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Other reference numbers

Other reference: YMT : E04706

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Incomplete
Surface Treatment: Inlaid with enamel

Spatial metadata

Region: Yorkshire and the Humber (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: North Yorkshire (County)
District: Harrogate (District)
Parish or ward: Kirk Deighton (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SE3950
Four figure Latitude: 53.94464457
Four figure longitude: -1.4073199
1:25K map: SE3950
1:10K map: SE35SE
Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: YORYM
Created: 6 years ago
Updated: 5 years ago

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