BH-72DB25: Medieval open-frame brooch

Rights Holder: St. Albans District Council
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Unique ID: BH-72DB25

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A copper-alloy open-frame brooch, dating from the late medieval period.

The brooch comprises a flat-sectioned ring with damaged constriction for the now-missing pin. The upper surface bears a stamped and incised legend which is poorly executed in Black Letter. A cross pattée, located to the right of the pin constriction, marks the start of the legend, which reads 'ihc nAzA ren vs' ('Jesus of Nazareth'), with the 's' retrograde and the 'a' unusually large. The final character after the retrograde 's' is probably merely decorative (star?) -- or if it can be construed as a letter then obviously an abbreviation (Malcolm Jones pers. comm.). At the top, traces of two perimeter groove borders flank this legend, but these grooves gradually dissipate and are not visible below halfway.

Width: 36.6 mm; height: 35.5 mm; thickness: 2.4 mm. Weight: 10.22 g.

Other open-frame brooches with similar inscriptions include PAS records CAM-A2CDB7 and SF-47CB61. The combination of this legend and the use of Black Letter together give a likely date range of 14th to 15th century.

Class: Open-frame
Inscription: ihc nAzA ren vs

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Period to: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1300
Date to: Circa AD 1500

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Height: 35.5 mm
Width: 36.6 mm
Thickness: 2.4 mm
Weight: 10.22 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 1st November 2015

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Julian Watters
Identified by: Mr Julian Watters
Secondary identifier: Mr Malcolm Jones

Other reference numbers

Other reference: Ver 15/188 - 1

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: Eastern (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Central Bedfordshire (Unitary Authority)
District: Central Bedfordshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish or ward: Old Warden (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: TL1143
Four figure Latitude: 52.07424885
Four figure longitude: -0.38184325
1:25K map: TL1143
1:10K map: TL14SW
Grid reference source: Generated from computer mapping software
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Gardening
General landuse: Other
Specific landuse: Garden

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: BH
Created: 2 years ago
Updated: 2 years ago

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