BERK-D1E2C2: Mesolithic tranchet axehead: Tranchet adze or pick

Rights Holder: Oxfordshire County Council
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Unique ID: BERK-D1E2C2

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A complete knapped flint tranchet adze or pick dating to the Mesolithic period (8300-4000 BC), similar to the so-called 'Thames Pick'. The pick has been made from a flint nodule and is broadly sub-rectangular in plan with both the butt end and the bladed cutting edge being slightly rounded; the pick tapers slowly from the butt end towards the blade. In section the pick is a pointed ovoid, with both butt and blade being thin and sharp and pointed in profile. The dorsal side of the pick has a high, off-centre longitudinal ridge, bevelled to each side due to flakes having been removed with a hard hammer in multiple directions. The ventral side (or the underside) of the pick also has an off-centre longitudinal ridge but this is not as high or pronounced as the dorsal ridge. At the tip of the axe blade is the characteristic 'tranchet' flake removal, which gives this type of adze or pick its name. All the cortex has been removed. The sides of the pick are fairly straight and slightly battered. The flint is heavily patinated with the off-white colour associated with chalk downlands, and internally the flint appears to be a motled light-grey in colour. This pick is Mesolithic in date and is of a type used throughout the period.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: MESOLITHIC
Subperiod from: Early
Period from: MESOLITHIC
Subperiod to: Late
Date from: Circa 8300 BC
Date to: Circa 4000 BC

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 138.6 mm
Width: 43 mm
Thickness: 29 mm
Weight: 188.5 g

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Miss Anni Byard
Identified by: Miss Anni Byard

Other reference numbers

Other reference: OXPAS2015.413

Materials and construction

Primary material: Flint
Manufacture method: Knapped/flaked
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: West Berkshire (Unitary Authority)
District: West Berkshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish or ward: Newbury (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SU4766
Four figure Latitude: 51.39110129
Four figure longitude: -1.32590401
1:25K map: SU4766
1:10K map: SU46NE
Grid reference source: Generated from computer mapping software
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Gardening
General landuse: Other
Specific landuse: Garden

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: BERK
Created: 3 years ago
Updated: 4 months ago

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