NMS-74D8BB: Early Saxon brooch

Rights Holder: Norfolk County Council
CC License: All Rights Reserved

Rights Holder: Norfolk County Council
CC License: All Rights Reserved

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Unique ID: NMS-74D8BB

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Incomplete Early Saxon gilt copper alloy Great Square-headed brooch with elaborate chip-carved ornament, Hines 1997, Sub-group vi, a hybrid with a headplate derived from the Great Square-headed class and a footplate from the Florid Cruciform (ibid., 196). The object is in two pieces, with a non-recent break across the junction of the headplate and bow. The lower part of the footplate has been lost, an ancient fracture repaired in antiquity with iron. There is a rivet just above the break and the front face is covered with decayed iron, the remains of a repair splint.

The lower corners of the headplate are missing, perhaps broken at the same time as the bow became separated. The frame and the upper corners are partly covered with patches of grey solder which probably secured silver sheet appliqués. The panel is taken up with Style I decoration within a billeted frame and at its centre a rectangular bezel is set with an oval garnet (now cracked). In the centre of the flat-sectioned bow a roundel with a raised rim contains four-spiral tetraskele or curly swastika motif.

At the top of the footplate a square panel filled with Style I ornament within a billeted frame is flanked by a pair of flat, looped, beak-like projections which were probably once covered with silver sheet appliqués. The front of the small part remaining below the panel is divided by a moulded median groove and may be the brow of an animal head. It is largely obscured by remains of the iron splint.

At the base of the reverse of the headplate a double pin lug contains an iron spindle and the top of the iron pin. The catchplate on the reverse of the footplate is almost complete.

There is a close resemblance to several elements of two brooches, from Ipswich and Rothley, Leicestershire. The missing part of the footplate was probably triangular (ibid. pl. 99 c and pl. 100 a & b).

Extant length 97mm. Width 64mm. Weight 76.93g.

c.525 - c.560.


Class: Great Square-headed
Sub class: Hines 1997, Sub-group vi

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Early
Subperiod to: Early
Date from: Circa AD 525
Date to: Circa AD 560

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 97 mm
Width: 64 mm
Weight: 76.93 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Wednesday 2nd September 2015 - Wednesday 2nd September 2015

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Dr Andrew Rogerson
Identified by: Dr Andrew Rogerson

Other reference numbers

SMR reference number: 60928
Other reference: NMD102015

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Secondary material: Other
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Incomplete
Surface Treatment: Multiple

Spatial metadata

Region: Eastern (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Norfolk (County)
District: South Norfolk (District)
Parish or ward: Deopham (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: TM0399
Four figure Latitude: 52.55097491
Four figure longitude: 0.99273419
1:25K map: TM0399
1:10K map: TM09NW
Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: NMS
Created: 3 years ago
Updated: 3 years ago

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