HESH-33D62F: Roman penannular brooch (front, profile and reverse)

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
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Unique ID: HESH-33D62F

Object type certainty: Certain
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An incomplete late Roman/ Early-Medieval (AD 400-600) penannular brooch of Fowler's Type D and Booth's type D2.

The frame is sub-circular, and oval in cross-section. The pin is missing. The brooch is made from a single cylindrical piece of copper alloy that has been bent into a circle, with the outer edges bent back to form terminals lying flat against the frame. The terminals each have a pair of incurved facets on their top edges and a groove across each end, forming what looks like a very stylised animal head (Booth, 2014, 148: type D2). The terminals touch each other. There is no further decoration on this brooch. The surface has a dark green coloured patina. The frame measures 27.75,mm in diameter, 2.61mm thick at the terminal and weighs 3.3g.

A similar example is illustrated in Mackreth (2011) Figure 149, No. 3326 and is categorised as Castellated Fowler D7, possibly dating to the 5th to 6th centuries; Booth, on the other hand, sees the D2 as a Roman type (2014, 159). On the PAS database there are also similar examples, such as WAW-5B1E48, discovered at Dodderhill, Worcestershire.


Thanks to Anna Booth (Finds Liaison Officer for Suffolk) for identifying this brooch.

Class: penannular
Sub class: Booth Type D2

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: ROMAN
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: IRON AGE
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa
Date to: Circa AD 400

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Thickness: 2.61 mm
Weight: 3.3 g
Diameter: 27.75 mm

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Victoria Allnatt
Identified by: Mr Peter Reavill
Secondary identifier: Ms Anna Booth

Other reference numbers

Other reference: HFDMG: 3218

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: West Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: County of Herefordshire (Unitary Authority)
District: County of Herefordshire (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: Eyton

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: Centred on parish
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: HESH
Created: 3 years ago
Updated: 5 months ago

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