BH-B9AD33: Iron Age to Roman penannular brooch

Rights Holder: St. Albans District Council
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Unique ID: BH-B9AD33

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

A Late Iron Age to Early Roman copper-alloy penannular brooch.

The broadly circular frame is of flat section and has overlapping terminals, both of which have been horizontally rolled to form a cylinder. On the upper surface of the frame, both the inner and outer edges have been decorated by means of a series of V-shaped notches. The lower three quarters of the pin are of circular section, extending to a point which protrudes beneath the level of the terminals. The upper quarter of the pin is of flat section, its upper end rolled into a freely rotating loop. The lower end of the pin is prevented from over-rotating by the position of the rear terminal, which rests against the back of the frame.

Height: 31.08mm; width: 23.3mm; thickness of frame: 1.4mm. Weight: 2.72g.

Penannular brooches of this form are identified as Type C under Fowler's classification (1960: 152), which dates the type to the period spanning the 1st century BC to Anglo-Saxon period (ibid. 175). Sally Worrell (unpubl.) offers a refined chronology of the Type C, suggesting a date range of c. 100 BC to c. 100 AD.

Class: Penannular
Sub class: Fowler Type C

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: IRON AGE
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: IRON AGE
Subperiod to: Early
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa 100 BC
Date to: Circa AD 100

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Height: 31.08 mm
Width: 23.3 mm
Thickness: 1.4 mm
Weight: 2.72 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Monday 1st June 2015

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Julian Watters
Identified by: Mr Harvey Cross
Secondary identifier: Mr Julian Watters

Other reference numbers

Other reference: Ver 15/109 - 3

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: Eastern (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Hertfordshire (County)
District: East Hertfordshire (District)
To be known as: Braughing

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: BH
Created: 3 years ago
Updated: About one year ago

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