LVPL-26EC55: Post-medieval unite of Charles I

Rights Holder: National Museums Liverpool
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Unique ID: LVPL-26EC55

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

A gold unite of Charles I, (1625-1649). Reverse: FLORENT CONCORDIA REGNA; crowned shield. IM: Blackamoor's head, (1626-1627). North no. 2148.

The coin has been deliberately pierced in two places and therefore was submitted as potential Treasure resulting in the following report from Dr. Barrie J. Cook:

I have examined a coin reported found at Irlam, Manchester. The coin is a gold unite (£1) of King Charles I, initial mark moor's head (issued 1626-7), wt: 8.83g. The coin is of the 'crown gold' standard, 22 carats fine, and thus over 90% gold. As a sum of money, it would probably have been equivalent to something like £100 or more in modern terms. The coin is bent and crumpled in its current state, but this probably occurred after deposition.

Single coins are not normally eligible for consideration as Treasure, but coins that have been converted into jewellery are so eligible. This coin has been pierced twice, with very large holes that appear to be aligned across the coin. One hole is 11mm from the edge and the other 9mm, so they are approximately, though not exactly, equally placed. The holes are fairly crudely made, as well as being large. At full weight the coin should have been around 9.1g. The piercing and loss of weight might suggest this coin has been removed from currency for some other purpose, though it is hard to suggest what that purpose might have been. An alternative explanation could be that the holes represent a defacing of the king's portrait during the Civil War, although there is no evidence that this was widespread (the Commonwealth regime made no attempt to remove older coin from currency in the 1650s) and reducing the value of a gold coin in particular would seem a strange thing to do. Nevertheless, it might still have been usable in currency at a discounted rate, because of its low weight.

On balance, the evidence does not seem clear enough to justify a verdict of Treasure, according to the terms of the Act.

Dr Barrie J. Cook

Curator of Medieval and Early Modern Coinage

Department of Coins and Medals

British Museum

26 January 2016

Evidence of reuse: Pierced in two places.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder after being declared not Treasure

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2015T661


Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
Period from: POST MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1626
Date to: Circa AD 1627
Period of reuse: POST MEDIEVAL

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Weight: 8.83 g
Diameter: 34 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 26th July 2015 - Sunday 26th July 2015

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Vanessa Oakden
Identified by: Ms Vanessa Oakden
Secondary identifier: Dr Barrie Cook

Other reference numbers

Treasure case number: 2015T661

Materials and construction

Primary material: Gold
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered
Completeness: Complete

Coin data (numismatics)

Ruler/issuer: Charles I of England
Category: English coin early Modern 1489 - 1660
Type: Unite: Charles I (N 2146 - 2157)
Obverse description: Crowned bust left, XX behind bust.
Obverse inscription: CAROLVS D G MAG BRI FR ET HIB REX
Reverse description: Crowned shield.
Reverse inscription: FLORENT CONCORDIA REGNA
Initial mark: Blackamoor’s head
Degree of wear: Hardly worn: extremely fine

Coin references

No coin references available.

Spatial metadata

County or Unitary authority: Salford (Metropolitan District)
District: Salford (Metropolitan District)
To be known as: Barton

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: LVPL
Created: 3 years ago
Updated: 3 years ago

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