WMID-6C6434: Roman: Incomplete headstud brooch

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BROOCH

Unique ID: WMID-6C6434

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete copper alloy Headstud style brooch, of Roman dating (AD 75 - AD 200).

Approximately 95% of the brooch is present consisting of the bow, partial headloop, wings and foot. The pin and catch plate are missing.

In plan, the brooch is almost T-shaped, and rectangular in cross section. The bow head is angular (comma shaped) in profile. The headloop at the top of the brooch is incomplete, and would have originally been circular in nature. No headstud is present on the bow. The bow has been decorated by four vertical grooves running the length of the bow. Two horizontal ribs are present at the base of the bow, just above the foot. The wings have been decorated with a vertical rouletted rib. The slot for the hinged pin fitting is present, with the pin missing. The back of the brooch is undecorated. The catch plate is incomplete, with just a vertical ridge present. The foot of the brooch consists of a pronounced flat knop.

The brooch measures 42.2 mm in length, 14.4 mm wide and 12.1 mm thick. It weighs 4.5 grams.

The brooch is a mid to dark green colour, and has an even surface patina.

Headstud brooches are a relatively common type of Roman brooch, with examples being recorded from the majority of England and Wales. Hattatt (2000) illustrated several examples of this style of brooch on page 332, figure 191, in particular examples #421 and #1523 when compared to our example here from Shropshire. #421 was from Northamptonshire and #1523 was from Winchester, Hampshire. Two similar brooches have been recorded on the PAS database as NLM-ACCF23 and WMID-33B686. All Headstud style brooches are considered to date from c. AD 75 to c. AD 200.

Reference:
Hattatt, R. (2000) A Visual Catalogue of Richard Hattatt's Ancient Brooches. Oxbow Books, Oxford.

Class: Headstud

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 75
Date to: Circa AD 200

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 42.2 mm
Width: 14.4 mm
Thickness: 12.1 mm
Weight: 4.5 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Wednesday 1st January 2014 - Wednesday 31st December 2014

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Miss Teresa Gilmore
Identified by: Miss Teresa Gilmore

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: Yorkshire and the Humber (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: North Yorkshire (County)
District: Ryedale (District)
Parish or ward: Sherburn (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SE9476
Four figure Latitude: 54.171195
Four figure longitude: -0.56154785
1:25K map: SE9476
1:10K map: SE97NW
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Discovery circumstances: found whilst out metal detecting
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: WMID
Created: 4 years ago
Updated: 4 years ago

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