LVPL-C6EC87: Early Medieval staff terminal

Rights Holder: National Museums Liverpool
CC License:

Image use policy

Our images can be used under a CC BY attribution licence (unless stated otherwise).


Unique ID: LVPL-C6EC87

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete copper alloy ornamental cross-staff head mount. The spherical head has an openwork design decorated with five surviving knops. One complete sub-oval hole survives with an internal length of 5.11mm and width of 3.93mm. The broken edges are rough and crude.

Projecting from the base of the object is an integrally cast hollow cylindrical expanded collar or shaft. This measures 18.62mm in height and is 19.05mm in diameter at its centre. The base of the shaft and where it joins the body of the object thickens forming a circumferential collar. The shaft contains four holes probably for attachment. Two of the holes, (one opposite the other) are just above the lower collar and are empty. They measure 3.87mm in diameter. The other pair of holes (one opposite the other) on the opposite faces are infilled with corrosion, but possibly are incomplete. The base of this pair is 7.90mm above the lower collar and they measure 3.14mm in diameter. The object has a mid-green patina and is corroded in places.

Similar examples have been found, mostly notably two artefacts in the Warwickshire Museum collections, found at Wellesbourne and Wixford. The Wellesbourne example is particularly similar and is illustrated in an article written by Simon Bailey, 'Two Copper Alloy Cross-Staff Heads from Warwickshire', in Medieval Archaeology 38 (1994) pages 171-5, fig 3. It has been noted by Bailey that further examples have been found at Dublin, Canterbury, London, Nottingham and Cambridgeshire. The Dublin example was dated to the mid 11th century (c.1020-30) by its archaeological context. The Canterbury example was dated to the end of the 11th century, (GLO-B49841).

A similar example which can be found on the database is, GLO-B49841 Also see BERK-3E9328 HAMP-8C67D6 CAM-64F318 for similar examples.

Dimensions: 35.78mm in length, 34.68mm in width, 25.00mm thick, 23.5g

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: Regional importance

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Late
Period to: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1000
Date to: Circa AD 1200

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 35.78 mm
Width: 34.68 mm
Thickness: 25 mm
Weight: 23.5 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Monday 1st December 2014 - Friday 1st May 2015

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Vanessa Oakden
Identified by: Ms Vanessa Oakden

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: North West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Cheshire East (Unitary Authority)
District: Cheshire East (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: Hulme Walfield

References cited

Similar objects

Find number: GLO-B49841
Object type: STAFF
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
A cast copper-alloy ornamental cross-staff head mount length 42mm, width 37mm, thickness 32mm, weight 26.04g. The spherical head with an open…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Find number: WMID-902A21
Object type: STAFF
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
A complete copper alloy ornamental cross staff head mount, of eleventh to twelfth century AD dating (1000 to 1200 AD) The spherical head p…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Find number: GLO-66B0BE
Object type: STAFF
Broadperiod: MEDIEVAL
A copper-alloy ornamental cross-staff head mount. The mount is pyramid shaped with an openwork design of a series of interlocking triangles w…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: LVPL
Created: 3 years ago
Updated: 3 years ago

Other formats: this page is available as qrcode json xml geojson pdf rdf representations.