CORN-1B4113: swivel gun shot

Rights Holder: Royal Institution of Cornwall
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Unique ID: CORN-1B4113

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Cast iron cannon ball spherical in shape with some lumps of iron oxide accretion on the surface, but generally undamaged. Without the accretions, the ball is about 41 mm in diameter or 1.6 inches and so was probably fired from a 16th-century Spanish muzzle-loading swivel gun such as the esmeril swivel gun which had an external bore of 2 inches. These guns were used by the Spanish Armada, particularly on the boat the Girona, and also by the Spanish when they attacked Paul church in 1595 on the other side of bay from where this cannon ball was found.

Paul was one of the communities along with Mousehole, Newlyn, and Penzance to be destroyed in the Spanish raid of 1595 carried out by Carlos de Amésquita, who was a Spanish naval officer. He is remembered for an action taken while on a naval patrol, known as the Battle of Cornwall, during the Anglo-Spanish War of 1585-1604. Amésquita commanded three companies and four galleys (named Capitana, Patrona, Peregrina and Bazana). They disembarked at Penmarch in Brittany on July 26, 1595, and then arrived in Mount's Bay in Cornwall on August 2, 1595.

After burning the town of Mousehole, Amésquita and his men embarked on their galleys and sailed for two miles, after which they disembarked again, conquered and burned the forts of Penzance and Newlyn. They celebrated a mass in which they promised to build a church after England had been defeated.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Early
Period from: POST MEDIEVAL
Subperiod to: Middle
Date from: Circa AD 1585
Date to: Circa AD 1604

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Height: 44 mm
Weight: 243.78 g
Diameter: 41 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Tuesday 10th March 2015 - Tuesday 10th March 2015

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Anna Tyacke
Identified by: Ms Anna Tyacke

Materials and construction

Primary material: Iron
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: South West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)
District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)
Parish or ward: Marazion (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SW5131
Four figure Latitude: 50.12671332
Four figure longitude: -5.48518752
1:25K map: SW5131
1:10K map: SW51SW
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: CORN
Created: 3 years ago
Updated: 3 years ago

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