NMGW-4A1C32: Medieval silver annular brooch

Rights Holder: National Museum Wales
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Unique ID: NMGW-4A1C32

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

The object is a small silver annular brooch with niello decoration on both sides of the frame, which is circular in cross-section. The frame decoration comprises at least three groups transverse lines on both sides, all inlaid with niello. The pin shaft is incised with a 'wriggle work' zig-zag line on each facet. The wrap-around head of the pin securing it to the annular frame of the brooch is plain. There is a small 'bar' at the junction of pin shaft and head (width 5mm), to prevent snagging. The annular frame is distorted. External frame diameters 18.6 x 12.6mm; frame thickness 1.1mm; weight 0.84g. The object has not undergone any cleaning or conservation. To judge from its colour and weight and visual comparison with other silver brooches and related accessories in the collections of the Department of History & Archaeology, the alloy is well in excess of 10% silver. A number of annular brooches with similar pins are known from Wales. They range from small silver stirrup brooches, such as those from Llanfaes (Anglesey), Llanbedr Duffryn Clwyd (Denbighshire) and Abergavenny (Monmouthshire; Redknap 1994, nos 21, 23) to larger brooches from Kidwelly Castle (Carmarthenshire), Crickhowell (Powys) and a site near Cowbridge (Vale of Glamorgan; Redknap 1994, nos 11, 22 and 13). The Lamphey example appears to be slightly smaller than a similar brooch from Llanelidan, Denbighshire (NMW Treasure ref. no. 11.19). Occasionally isolated brooch pins are found, such as one found at Rhos-on-Sea, Conwy, in 2008 (NMW Treasure ref. no. 08.06). These parallels are of thirteenth- or fourteenth-century date, and the Lamphey brooch, on the basis of such comparanda, must date to the same period.

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: National importance

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Acquired by museum after being declared Treasure

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2013TW20


Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Period to: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1200
Date to: Circa AD 1300

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Thickness: 1.1 mm
Weight: 0.84 g
Diameter: 18.6 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 25th November 2012

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Miss Julia Koeppe
Identified by: Mr Mark Redknap

Other reference numbers

Treasure case number: 2013TW20

Materials and construction

Primary material: Silver
Decoration style: Curvilinear
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: Wales (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Pembrokeshire (Unitary Authority)
District: Pembrokeshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish or ward: Lamphey (Community)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SN0200
Four figure Latitude: 51.66380471
Four figure longitude: -4.86436487
1:25K map: SN0200
1:10K map: SN00SW
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: NMGW
Created: 3 years ago
Updated: About one year ago

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