LVPL-4DFD3E: Early Medieval strap end

Rights Holder: National Museums Liverpool
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Unique ID: LVPL-4DFD3E

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete cast copper alloy Anglo-Scandinavian trefoil brooch. The fragment consists of one of the arms or lobes of a brooch, with the other two missing.

The object is decorated decorated in the Borre-Jelling style of the second half of the tenth century. Half way down on the left hand side, (when viewing the object) is a left-facing Jellinge-style create, with a round eye, open jaw and a 'pigtail' or ear lappet, extending downwards across the top of the animal's body. This creates an opening through which another lappet-like feature interlaces, extending upwards. The rest of the features are difficult to make out, due to wear. The rear of the object is undecorated and is concave. The object has a dark greyish patina. The object can be ascribed to the Scandinavian Jellinge style, dating it to 875-950.

Similar animals can be seen on the the cup from Jelling shown by Jane Kershaw as Fig. 9 in Finds Research Group Datasheet 42.

Dr Jane Kershaw notes: Jellinge-style trefoil brooches are quite rare, and I haven't seen an exact typological match for your example. Still, those of Birgit Maixner's Type F 2.2 have Borre/ Jellinge style features which include a Jellinge-style creature in a similar position to this one, except that it faces upwards rather than downwards, and is symmetrical with a mirror image on the other side, unlike this example. The decoration on your example looks quite crude which might suggest a local product, rather than Scandinavian import.

Dimension: 33.20mm in length, 23.99mm in width, 4.87mm thick, 12.2g.

Find of note status

This has been noted as an interesting find by the recorder.

Class: trefoil

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Late
Subperiod to: Late
Date from: Circa AD 875
Date to: Circa AD 950

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 33.2 mm
Width: 23.99 mm
Thickness: 4.87 mm
Weight: 12.2 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 1st March 2015 - Friday 20th March 2015

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Vanessa Oakden
Identified by: Ms Vanessa Oakden
Secondary identifier: Dr Jane Kershaw

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: Yorkshire and the Humber (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: North Yorkshire (County)
District: Selby (District)
To be known as: Selby area

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: Centred on parish
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: LVPL
Created: 3 years ago
Updated: 3 months ago

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