WMID-96FC31: Roman: Incomplete Trumpet style brooch

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BROOCH

Unique ID: WMID-96FC31

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete copper alloy Trumpet brooch, of Roman dating (75 AD to 175 AD).

Approximately 25% of the brooch is present, consisting of the top of the bow and part of the head plate. The rest of the brooch (foot, catch plate, spring and pin) are all missing, presumed lost in antiquity.

The top of the brooch consists of an angular bow descending from a plate below a head plate (now incomplete). The headplate is incomplete and consists of an incomplete flat rectangular plate. A horizontal groove is present just below the incomplete loop. The head of the brooch is complete, semi circular in plan, and tapers into the bow. Three vertical grooves are present at the head as decoration. The bow is D-shaped in cross section. At the shoulder (midway) point of the bow, there are three raised ridges, with a deep groove inbetween. A sub circular concavity is present in the back of the head, with part of the clay casting core visible. This concavity would have originally retained the spring. Parts of the attachment lugs for the axis bar are still present to either side of the concavity. The reverse of the brooch is flat and undecorated.

It measures 27.1 mm in length, 13.6 mm wide and 10.3 mm thick. It weighs 4.2 grams.

The brooch is a mid green colour, with an uneven surface patina. Abrasion, caused by movement whilst within the plough soil, has resulted in a loss of some of the original surface detail.

Hattatt published a similar but more complete brooch, from Wall, Staffordshire (2000, p328, fig 187, #952) in his visual catalogue of Ancient Brooches, and dated that example to 1st to 2nd Centuries AD. A similar brooch has been recorded on the PAS database as WMID-E16476.

Reference:
Hattatt, R. (2000) A Visual Catalogue of Ancient Brooches. Oxbow Books. Oxford.

Class: Trumpet

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 75
Date to: Circa AD 175

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 27.1 mm
Width: 13.6 mm
Thickness: 10.3 mm
Weight: 4.2 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Friday 3rd October 2014 - Friday 3rd October 2014

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Miss Teresa Gilmore
Identified by: Miss Teresa Gilmore

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: West Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Staffordshire (County)
District: South Staffordshire (District)
Parish or ward: Brewood and Coven (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SJ8408
Four figure Latitude: 52.66947069
Four figure longitude: -2.23803938
1:25K map: SJ8408
1:10K map: SJ80NW
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Discovery circumstances: found whilst out metal detecting
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: WMID
Created: 3 years ago
Updated: 3 years ago

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