CORN-508D86: cannon ball (plan)

Rights Holder: Royal Institution of Cornwall
CC License:

Rights Holder: Royal Institution of Cornwall
CC License:

Rights Holder: Royal Institution of Cornwall
CC License:

Image use policy

Our images can be used under a CC BY attribution licence (unless stated otherwise).


Unique ID: CORN-508D86

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Incomplete cast iron cannon ball broken in half, probably at impact when it was fired. The ball is 2 and a half inches in diameter or 68 mm and so was probably fired from a 16th-century Spanish Falcon breech-loading swivel gun, which had an internal calibre of 72 mm on average. These guns were used by the Spanish Armada and also by the Spanish when they attacked Paul church in 1595 where this cannon ball was found.

Paul was one of the communities along with Mousehole, Newlyn, and Penzance to be destroyed in the Spanish raid of 1595 carried out by Carlos de Amésquita, who was a Spanish naval officer. He is remembered for an action taken while on a naval patrol, known as the Battle of Cornwall, during the Anglo-Spanish War of 1585-1604. Amésquita commanded three companies and four galleys (named Capitana, Patrona, Peregrina and Bazana). They disembarked at Penmarch in Brittany on July 26, 1595, and then arrived in Mount's Bay in Cornwall on August 2, 1595.

After burning the town of Mousehole, Amésquita and his men embarked on their galleys and sailed for two miles, after which they disembarked again, conquered and burned the forts of Penzance and Newlyn. They celebrated a mass in which they promised to build a church after England had been defeated.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Early
Period from: POST MEDIEVAL
Subperiod to: Early
Date from: Circa AD 1500
Date to: Circa AD 1600

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 32 mm
Height: 35 mm
Width: 16 mm
Thickness: 1 mm
Weight: 509.65 g
Diameter: 68 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Monday 13th April 2015 - Monday 13th April 2015

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Anna Tyacke
Identified by: Ms Anna Tyacke

Materials and construction

Primary material: Iron
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: South West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)
District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)
Parish or ward: Penzance (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SW4626
Four figure Latitude: 50.07971267
Four figure longitude: -5.55167836
1:25K map: SW4626
1:10K map: SW46NE
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

No references cited so far.

Similar objects

Find number: CORN-1B4113
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broadperiod: POST MEDIEVAL
Cast iron cannon ball spherical in shape with some lumps of iron oxide accretion on the surface, but generally undamaged. Without the accreti…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Find number: CORN-6AD6C3
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broadperiod: POST MEDIEVAL
Cast iron round shot or cannon ball, partly corroded so that there is little sign of a mid-rib or casting mark. The cannon ball weighs 480g wh…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Find number: SWYOR-3B97A2
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broadperiod: POST MEDIEVAL
A cast iron cannon ball, and judging from the size and weight, probably for use in a Falconet dating from c. 1500-1700. A Falconet was a sma…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: CORN
Created: 3 years ago
Updated: 3 years ago

Other formats: this page is available as qrcode json xml geojson pdf rdf representations.