HAMP-9CC3D8: Roman Zoomorphic Brooch

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
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Unique ID: HAMP-9CC3D8

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

An incomplete Roman (AD 100-200) copper alloy zoomorphic (hippocamphs) plate brooch of Mackreth 2011,Chapter 7, Part 3, OBJECT, Type 7.2. With enamel decoration. As the tail-end of the animal is missing it is difficult to determine if it is a hippocampus (half-horse, half-fish) rather than a horse, but the presence of tiny and apparently complete fins below the front portion of the body suggest it might be part-fish. An additional fin projects from the base of the mane.
The head is oval in shape with prominent open lips, a punched ring-and-dot eye and projecting ear set almost horizontally behind the eye and on the side of the head. Behind begins the mane of transversely grooved diagonal lines which stretches the length of the neck. The neck is triangular in shape and joins the body at a right angle. The body has a pronounced curve to the front and narrows to the worn break, this latter section being rather more rectangular in shape. Both body and neck are filled with a single area of enamel, some of which is now missing. That which remains is red in colour. Inside the curved part of the body is a diamond-formation of four circular areas. Two hold now-blue enamel while the remaining two have traces of a white substance within, possibly a fixant for missing enamel.
The brooch is flat to the reverse with a triangular catchplate - missing its curl, a scar suggesting through damage - behind and transversely to the most prominent part of the body, below the neck.
The brooch measures 31.1mm in length, 27.6mm in height and 2.1mm in thickness. It weighs 4.15g.


There are only three other hippocamphs brooches of similar form on the PAS database, LEIC-C88725, PUBLIC-579897 and BERK-451FB5.

Find of note status

This has been noted as an interesting find by the recorder.

Class: Zoomorphic (hippocamphs)
Sub class: Mackreth 2011,Chapter 7, Part 3, OBJECT, Type 7.2

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 100
Date to: Circa AD 200

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 31.1 mm
Width: 27.6 mm
Thickness: 2.1 mm
Weight: 4.15 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 15th February 2015 - Sunday 15th February 2015

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Miss Arwen Wood
Identified by: Miss Arwen Wood
Secondary identifier: Ms Katie Hinds

Other reference numbers

Other reference: Hampshire Museums Entry Form No.4248

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Decoration style: Zoomorphic
Completeness: Incomplete
Surface Treatment: Inlaid with enamel

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Hampshire (County)
District: East Hampshire (District)
To be known as: Buriton

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: HAMP
Created: 4 years ago
Updated: 5 months ago

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