WMID-4AFC87: Probable Medieval: Complete axe or axehead

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
CC License:


Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
CC License:

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
CC License:

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AXEHEAD

Unique ID: WMID-4AFC87

Object type certainty: Probably
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A complete iron axe or axehead, of probable Medieval dating (AD 1000 to AD 1500).

The axe is broadly sub-rectangular in plan with an irregular shaped expanded blade that has a pronounced downward projection. The socket is sub circular in shape measuring 37.8 mm length x 27.3mm width. The butt of the axe is rectangular. As the blade expands in width it tapers in section; forming a wide even cutting edge.

The axehead measures 160 mm in length, 34.3 mm wide at the butt, 9.3 mm wide at the blade and 122.0 mm thick.

The axehead is a mid orange brown colour and has not been treated. No surface marks or stamps can be seen, these may be lost through corrosion. Elements of the axehead are fragile, especially the socket, which is suffering from laminating corrosion.

A similar style axehead was recorded on the PAS database as HESH-66CF45 and has been identified as being Medieval in dating. It is probable that this axehead is of a similar date.

The axehead was x-rayed by Rachel Altpeter (Conservation Department, Birmingham Museums). The xray shows the remains of the cutting edge, along with the fact that the socket has been made by folding over the ends and hammering together.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Period from: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Period to: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1000
Date to: Circa AD 1500

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 160 mm
Width: 34.3 mm
Thickness: 122 mm

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Miss Teresa Gilmore
Identified by: Miss Teresa Gilmore

Materials and construction

Primary material: Iron
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: West Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Staffordshire (County)
District: Newcastle-under-Lyme (District)
Parish or ward: Betley (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SJ7647
Four figure Latitude: 53.01975361
Four figure longitude: -2.35922289
1:25K map: SJ7647
1:10K map: SJ74NE
Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Discovery circumstances: found whilst out metal detecting
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: WMID
Created: 4 years ago
Updated: 4 years ago

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