NMGW-82F1B2: Roman bow brooch of Wroxeter variant type

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BROOCH

Unique ID: NMGW-82F1B2

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

Roman copper alloy bow brooch of Wroxeter variant type and 2nd century AD date.


The brooch in incomplete, missing the pin, foot and head-plate and with a distorted leg (with a distorted length of 56.3mm, a depth of 22mm and a weight of 17.9g). The missing pin was hinged between semi-tubular lugs on the rear of the head (with a width of 13.7mm). The lugs have considerably adhering iron corrosion, suggesting an iron axis bar and/or pin was employed. At the head is the remains of a truncated head-plate (with a surviving height of 17.2mm) and the remnant of the start of an integral chain-loop is evident. At the base of the head-plate is a rib enhanced with notches. The D-shaped head has a groove on the side and base. The upper bow is of D-shaped section (11.7mm wide and 5.8mm thick at the head) with straight sides, converging slightly towards the mid-bow. The upper bow is decorated with three enamelled columns containing alternating coloured enamel of red and white. At the base of the enamelled cells is an integral stud, above a chevron stepped moulding, perhaps echoing an off-centre chevron above the cells. The leg is also of D-shaped section, with straight sides converging towards the missing foot with no applied decoration now evident. The leg is distorted to the side but would have arced to the front or inwardly curved. The catch-plate begins at the top of the rear of the leg and has lost the catch. The surface has a dark-green patina with patches of bright-green corrosion.

Notes:

The Wroxeter brooch Type is a distinctive British brooch with a widespread distribution (Hattatt 1987, p 145) , corresponding to Hull's Type 151. The brooch can be closely paralleled with an example recorded by Hattatt (1989, no. 1538, pp 96) from Eye in Suffolk. Hattatt see the Suffolk brooch as a Wroxeter variant and notices a potential distribution of the type with inwardly curved foot from the Welsh Marches.

1. Hattatt, R.; 1987; Brooches of Antiquity
2. Hattatt, R.; 1989; Ancient Brooches and other Artefacts

Class: Wroxeter variant type
Sub class: Hull Type 151

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 100
Date to: Circa AD 200

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 56.3 mm
Width: 13.7 mm
Weight: 17.9 g

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Miss Wenke Domscheit
Identified by: Mr Mark Lodwick

Other reference numbers

Other reference: NMWPA 2014.203.1

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Secondary material: Enamel
Decoration style: Other
Completeness: Incomplete
Surface Treatment: Inlaid with enamel

Spatial metadata

Region: Wales (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Flintshire (Unitary Authority)
District: Flintshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish or ward: Flint (Community)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SJ2272
Four figure Latitude: 53.2392749
Four figure longitude: -3.17018287
1:25K map: SJ2272
1:10K map: SJ27SW
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: NMGW
Created: 4 years ago
Updated: About one year ago

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