PAS-65902F: Middle Bronze Age bead

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BEAD

Unique ID: PAS-65902F

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

A probable Middle Bronze Age (c.1500-1100 BC) solid gold bead of annular form and biconical profile with a central perforation measuring 2.9mm in diameter. It is max.7.6mm in diameter at the centre, narrowing to c.5mm diameter at either end, both of which show areas of damage. The bead stands 5.3mm in height and weighs 1.91g.

The bead is of similar form to several of sheet gold reported through the Treasure Act, namely HAMP-72E451 (2011 T526),GLO-46CA05 (2014 T358) and NMS-AEC678 (2013 T20), for the latter of which is written 'The gold bead is likely to date to the Middle Bronze Age (c.1500-1100 BC) based on several close comparanda. The three biconical gold beads from the Burton, Wrexham, hoard are similar in form, size and weight to the Salthouse bead (PAS-5B1745; Gwilt et al. in Barton 2011). The Burton hoard comprised of several typo-chronologically distinctive artefacts (including bronze palstaves) that allow it to be dated to c.1300-1150 BC (Ibid.). The bead is also similar to those from Bourton-on-the-Water, Gloucestershire and Harlow, Essex, the former from a stratified Middle Bronze Age context (Varndell 2000, 12, no.1; 2005/6, 17, 270, no.6), and Buriton, Hampshire (HAMP-72E451).
Middle Bronze Age gold beads are a relatively rare find (Murgia et al. forthcoming) and can be contextualised with reference to the so-called 'ornament horizon(s)', which see a proliferation of bronze and gold ornaments in Southern England and Britain (respectively) during the period c.1400-1100 BC (Smith 1959; Roberts 2007).

Notes:

The age and precious metal content of the bead meet the criteria for Treasure under the terms of the Treasure Act 1996.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Submitted for consideration as Treasure

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2015T175

Chronology

Broad period: BRONZE AGE
Subperiod from: Middle
Period from: BRONZE AGE
Subperiod to: Middle
Period to: BRONZE AGE
Date from: Circa 1500 BC
Date to: Circa 1100 BC

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Height: 5.3 mm
Weight: 1.91 g
Diameter: 7.6 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Tuesday 1st April 2014 - Tuesday 1st April 2014

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Robert Webley
Identified by: Mr Robert Webley
Secondary identifier: Ms Katie Hinds

Other reference numbers

Other reference: Weekend Wanderers USA Tour March-April 2014
Treasure case number: 2015T175

Materials and construction

Primary material: Gold
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Oxfordshire (County)
District: Vale of White Horse (District)
Parish or ward: Lockinge (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SU4288
Four figure Latitude: 51.58929397
Four figure longitude: -1.39514884
1:25K map: SU4288
1:10K map: SU48NW
WOEID: 26350157
Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: PAS
Created: Thursday 19th February 2015
Updated: Tuesday 13th October 2015

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