SWYOR-E70566: Neolithic stone axe roughout

Rights Holder: West Yorkshire Archaeology Advisory Service
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AXEHEAD ROUGHOUT

Unique ID: SWYOR-E70566

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

A stone axehead roughout made from Langdale epidotized tuff stone and dating from the Neolithic Period, 4000 BC - 2350 BC. The roughout is ovoid in plan and sub-rectangular in profile, with a sub-rectangular section at one end, and a sub-oval section at the other.

The roughout has knapped edges at the rounded, oval-sectioned end and it is roughly axe-shaped, but it was not completed. The faces are still flat and unworked in most places, and the surface is rough: is has not been polished. Work was discontinued and the roughout was discarded for unknown reasons.

The roughout can be compared to SWYOR-B6DE55, LANCUM-5856A2 and LANCUM-799F15 which note that tuff is formed from compressed volcanic ash and has a fine grained composition with infrequent crystalline inclusions. Tuff is found in Britain and Ireland in a band that runs down the Irish Sea from the Lake District (the Langdale's source Group VI), County Antrim (Ireland), through North Wales (Graig Lwyd Group VII), and into Cornwall and Devon (Groups XVI and IV respectively). This roughout was recovered from Langdale, but recent work has shown that as well as petrological Group VI material, the parent rock at Langdale also includes Group XI material, and material similar to Group VIII (Bradley and Edmonds, 1993, 71 - 72). Volcanic tuff is similar to flint in that it can be finely worked, ground and polished to form a variety of tools; however axes are the most common.

The roughout is 170mm long, 57.7mm wide and 30.8mm thick. 342g.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: NEOLITHIC
Period from: NEOLITHIC
Date from: Circa 4000 BC
Date to: Circa 2350 BC

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 170 mm
Width: 57.7 mm
Thickness: 30.8 mm
Weight: 342 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Wednesday 1st January 1975 - Wednesday 31st December 1975

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Amy Downes
Identified by: Ms Amy Downes

Other reference numbers

Other reference: PAS form number 2438

Materials and construction

Primary material: Stone
Manufacture method: Knapped/flaked
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: North West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Cumbria (County)
District: South Lakeland (District)
Parish or ward: Lakes (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: NY2707
Four figure Latitude: 54.45312256
Four figure longitude: -3.12742329
1:25K map: NY2707
1:10K map: NY20NE
Grid reference source: Generated from computer mapping software
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Other chance find
General landuse: Grassland, Heathland

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SWYOR
Created: 4 years ago
Updated: 4 years ago

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