SWYOR-D58D38: Post Medieval cannon ball

Rights Holder: West Yorkshire Archaeology Advisory Service
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Unique ID: SWYOR-D58D38

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A cast lead cannon ball of Post-Medieval date, about AD 1500 - 1700. It is 50.3mm (1.97in) in diameter and weighs 652gm (1lb 7oz), suggesting that it was intended for use in a falconet. It was quite crudely cast, the two hemispheres being slightly different sizes, and there are traces of a casting ridge remaining. It has suffered considerable damage from agricultural machinery since deposition in the soil.

A number of other falconet balls can be found on the database, most are cast iron but one or two are of cast lead. See for example references IOW-322F47 and SOM-047461.

The findspot is only a couple of kilometres from both Sandal Castle and the now vanished Wakefield Castle. Though falconet cannon were first developed during the late 15th century, it is unlikely that the cannon ball dates from 1460 and the Battle of Wakefield, but Sandal was besieged at least three times by Parliamentarian troops in 1645 during the Civil Wars, when falconets were often used.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
Period from: POST MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1500
Date to: Circa AD 1700

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Weight: 652 g
Diameter: 50.3 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 24th August 2014

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Amy Downes
Identified by: Ms Amy Downes
Secondary identifier: Mr Jack Volunteer Coulthard

Other reference numbers

Other reference: PAS form number 2393

Materials and construction

Primary material: Lead Alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: Yorkshire and the Humber (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Wakefield (Metropolitan District)
District: Wakefield (Metropolitan District)
Parish or ward: Warmfield cum Heath (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SE3520
Four figure Latitude: 53.67530306
Four figure longitude: -1.47165682
1:25K map: SE3520
1:10K map: SE32SE
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SWYOR
Created: 4 years ago
Updated: 4 years ago

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