WMID-D1A19D: Roman to Post Medieval: Convex Spindle Whorl

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SPINDLE WHORL

Unique ID: WMID-D1A19D

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A complete lead or lead alloy convex spindle whorl, of Roman to Post Medieval dating (AD 43 - AD 1650).

The spindle whorl is sub circular in shape, and D shaped in cross section. The central hole is sub circular in shape and has been cast slightly off centre. The internal diameter of the hole measures 6.4 mm wide. The upper face is domed and the lower face is flat. No traces of decoration are present on the upper. The lower face has some grooves and lines etched into the surface but it is difficult to say whether these are decoration or have been made by time in the plough soil.

The whorl has a diameter of 24.7 mm and is 10.2 mm thick. It weighs 32.6 g (1.15 oz).

The whorl is of a light grey colour, with an even surface patina. There is a dark shiny area of patina on the convex surface, which is dark grey in colour. Abrasion, caused by movement whilst within the plough soil, has resulted in a loss of some of the original surface detail.

Spindle whorls, as an artefact type, can be hard to date accurately as they remained in use for a long period of time, however lead alloy spindle whorls of this type are normally attributed to the Medieval period (c. AD 1100 to AD 1450). The weight of the spindle whorl is suggestive of a thick wool thread being spun, as there is a direct relationship between the weight of the whorl and the thickness of the resulting thread. Fine threads such as silk require a lighter whorl than those used to spun wool or linen.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: UNKNOWN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: POST MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 43
Date to: Circa AD 1650

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Thickness: 10.2 mm
Weight: 32.6 g
Diameter: 24.7 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 12th October 2014 - Sunday 12th October 2014

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Miss Helen Glenn
Identified by: Miss Helen Glenn

Materials and construction

Primary material: Lead Alloy
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: West Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Worcestershire (County)
District: Malvern Hills (District)
Parish or ward: Hallow (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SO8059
Four figure Latitude: 52.22883263
Four figure longitude: -2.29423673
1:25K map: SO8059
1:10K map: SO85NW
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Discovery circumstances: Found whilst out using a metal detector

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: WMID
Created: 4 years ago
Updated: 4 years ago

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