DUR-16C89F: Roman coin hoard

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Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
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COIN HOARD

Unique ID: DUR-16C89F

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

Wold Newton, East Riding of Yorkshire

A Roman coin hoard dating to the early 4th century with associated vessel.

Summary

- Radiate (AD 268-270): 1 (Rome: 1)

- Nummi, 1/32 l. (294-May 305): 1,622 (London: 298; Trier: 847; Lyon: 262; Ticinum: 80; Aquileia: 10; Rome: 57; Carthage: 34; Siscia: 6; Thessalonica: 1; Cyzicus: 1; Antioch: 6; Alexandria: 1; Uncertain: 7; Copies: 12)

- Nummi, 1/32 l. (May 305-early 307): 124 (London: 105; Trier: 11; Lyon: 7; Ticinum: 1)

- Nummi, 1/40 l. (spring/summer 307): 48 (London: 39; Trier: 6; Lyon: 3)

- Nummi, 1/48 l. (from summer 307): 62 (London: 58; Trier: 4)

Notes:

Coins (by Vincent Drost):

1,857 copper alloy coins: except for one radiate of Claudius II (AD 268-270), the coins are nummi struck from Diocletian's reform in about AD 294 (applied in Britain from AD 296) to the early years of Constantine's rule (AD 306-337). The latest coins in the hoard are reduced nummi struck at 1/48 of the Roman pound from the summer of 307. Two nummi were struck at the London mint in the name of Constantine as Augustus. Constantine became Augustus in December 307 (no. 90). The terminus post quem of the hoard can therefore be dated to that period.

The coins were removed from the pot according to 9 successive layers. The stratigraphy suggests that the hoard is made of two distinct groups of coins corresponding to layers 1 to 5 on the one hand and to layers 6 to 9 on the other hand. The two groups present a slightly different composition and terminal date. Layers 6 to 9 have an earlier profile. They contain a larger proportion of coins of the 1st Tetrarchy and no reduced nummi. The latest coin in layers 6 to 9 would be a nummus of the second rule of Maximian struck in c. early 307 (no. 402) and is almost a year earlier the latest coin in layers 1 to 5. Therefore, two different groups of coins - possibly amassed in the continuity one from each other - are likely to have been brought together in a single vessel.

This kind of heavy nummi hoard is not very common. Wold Newton is remarkable by its size and could be compared to two other important British hoards of the late 300s: Fyfield, Berkshire (2,106 coins to c. AD 307) and Bridgend, South Wales (1,424 coins to c. AD 309) . The composition of Wold Newton is very similar to that of Fyfield. Both hoards contain a unique radiate and are mostly made of coins dating to the 1st Tetrarchy (87.3% in Wold Newton and 91.0% in Fyfield). The mint distribution is also identical in both hoards: almost half of the coins were minted in Trier (46.7% in Wold Newton and 47.2% in Fyfield), London is the second best represented mint (26.9% and 21.8%) before Lyon (14.6% and 17.2%).

Identifier for non-coin objects: Ralph Jackson (BM).

Vessel and non-coin objects:

- Jar, the container for the coin hoard, with copper-alloy corrosion products and 'coin halos' visible on the inner surface. A near-complete wheel-thrown grey ware jar with a pair of countersunk lugged handles. The rim, completely lacking from the pot, is represented by several loose non-joining sherds. The surfaces are grey-coloured, the fabric hard and fine-textured with a very pale grey core. Decoration comprises a panel of vertical scoring in the area of maximum girth flanked top and bottom by plain horizontal bands and a simple incised continuous scrolled motif in the upper (handle) zone. Ht. 28.5 cm. Diam. 20 cm.
This is Crambeck Grey Ware, the most abundant of the Crambeck wares, distributed across NE England during the early to mid- 4th century with a major expansion from the mid- 4th century (Tyers 1999, 188-9).
Date: 4th century AD.

- Dish, broken. A small plain shallow-sided wheel-thrown grey ware dish with a flat base and simple rim. The circuit of the walls is complete in nine joining sherds but the base is represented by a single sherd. The surfaces are pale grey-coloured, the fabric hard and fine-textured with a very pale white-grey core. Rim diameter c. 15 cm. Wall height c. 3 cm.
Crambeck Grey Ware.
Date: 4th century AD.

- Sherd, thick-walled, from the lower wall/ base angle of a large hand-formed gritted grey-black coarseware jar. Stated to have served as the 'lid' for the jar containing the hoard. Ht. c. 10 cm. W. c. 11 cm.

- Sherds, two, non-joining, one a simple rim, hand-formed gritted grey-black coarseware.

- Sherds, additional potsherds: Four ceramic sherds of possible Roman date (AD 43-410) from the same vessel. Three of the sherds are from the body of a vessel, one is from the rim of a vessel. The fabric of the sherds is hard and course with large, frequent inclusion of light mica and infrequent calcite inclusions. The surface is pitted with a black coloured slip on both surfaces. The cross section show a consistent mid-grey coloured fabric.
A. Length: 35.76mm. Width: 31.26mm, Thickness: 7.66mm, Weight 10.9g.
B. Length: 29.17mm. Width: 21.13mm, Thickness: 6.60mm, Weight 5.5g.
C. Length: 36.34mm. Width: 18.71mm, Thickness: 7.53mm, Weight 5.2g.
D. Length: 48.95mm. Width: 20.10mm, Thickness: 9.44mm, Weight 11.1g.

- Bead, a small spherical blue glass bead with a cylindrical perforation. Diam. 4.85 mm. Ht. 4.6 mm. Perf. 1.5 mm. Wt. 0.13 g.
Date: probably Roman, 1st - 4th century AD.

Subsequent actions

Current location of find: Yorkshire Museum
Subsequent action after recording: Acquired by museum after being declared Treasure

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2014T645

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 268
Date to: Circa AD 307

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1867

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 21st September 2014

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Miss Lauren Proctor
Identified by: Miss Lauren Proctor
Secondary identifier: Dr Vincent Drost

Other reference numbers

Treasure case number: 2014T645

Materials and construction

Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: Yorkshire and the Humber (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: East Riding of Yorkshire (Unitary Authority)
District: East Riding of Yorkshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish or ward: Wold Newton (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: TA0372
Four figure Latitude: 54.13353412
Four figure longitude: -0.42510022
1:25K map: TA0372
1:10K map: TA07SW
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Current location: Yorkshire Museum

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: DUR
Created: 4 years ago
Updated: 9 months ago

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