SOM-2D7ED0: Medieval button made from jettons

Rights Holder: Somerset County Council
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BUTTON

Unique ID: SOM-2D7ED0

Object type certainty: Probably
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A probable button formed from a pair of fused medieval late Tournai copper-alloy jettons of Crown type, AE MARIA GRACIA PL legend, c. AD 1415-1497, cf. Mitchiner 663ff.

The pair of jettons are fused together with some sort of material between them. The edges have been curved down giving a dished shape with convex front and concave reverse. The centre is almost flat but the edge curves down 45 degrees with clear evidence of deliberate shaping in the bevelled rim of the upper jetton. The lower rim is less bevelled as the curve is more upright at this point but it continues the curve suggesting they were always fused and shaped in this way, as opposed to a biconvex head as seen on later pin heads made of jettons. A truncated central stud just off centre on the reverse is suggestive of a loop. This is an unusual approach, if this is the case, as jettons were normally pierced for conversion, cf. DUR-BAAEA7 on this database.

The jettons are fused reverse to obverse, hence the use of the term reverse for the (potential) button above. As noted, the obverse is the Crown type, though with indistinct body decoration, possibly pellets. Beyond an initial mark of an open quatrefoil is the legend AE mARIA GRACIA PL. The initial mark is located closer to 1 o'clock than 12 o'clock. The reverse depicts a double stranded arcuate cross fleuretty within a double quadrilobe border. There are As on all of the internal cusps of the border, and possibly closed Cs in each spandrel. The style of the cross is more akin to those on certain Shield of France jettons in ibid. (1988, 215, 231; nos. 620, 708).

Notes:

The weight given is for the object as a 'button'; dividing by two would give only an approximation for each jetton.

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: County / local importance

Inscription: AE mARIA GRACIA PL
Evidence of reuse: fusing, attaching a loop?

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1415
Date to: Circa AD 1497
Period of reuse: MEDIEVAL

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 28.1 mm
Height: 3.8 mm
Width: 27.7 mm
Thickness: 2.1 mm
Weight: 9.21 g
Diameter: 28.1 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Tuesday 1st January 2013 - Tuesday 31st December 2013

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Robert Webley
Identified by: Mr Robert Webley
Secondary identifier: Ms Laura Burnett

Other reference numbers

Other reference: SCC receipt 16735

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: South West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Somerset (County)
District: South Somerset (District)
To be known as: Huish Episcopi CP

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

Author Publication Year Title Publication Place Publisher Pages Reference
Mitchiner, M. 1988 Jetons, Medalets and Tokens: The Medieval Period and Nuremberg London Hawkins Publications 215, 223, 231 620, 663ff., 708

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SOM
Created: 5 years ago
Updated: 5 years ago

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