LVPL-B38AFC: Roman siliquae of Constantius II

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COIN HOARD

Unique ID: LVPL-B38AFC

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

A silver coin hoard consisting of 36 Roman siliquae and one copper alloy nummus. Treasure case no. 2014 T539. Date of find: 26/07/2014, with one further siliquae found on 10/09/2014 during archaeological investigation of the site marked § after weight. Further addenda of 13 siliquae and one nummus marked with * after weight.

Summary:

- Trier Lyon Arles Aquileia Ticinum Rome Uncertain Total
Nummus 318-24 - - - - 1 - - 1
Siliquae 355-64 - 4 5 - - - - 9
367-75 12 - - - - 2 - 14
375-8/9 4 - - 2 - - - 6
378/9-88 3 - - 3 - - - 6
Irreg. siliqua - - - - - - 1 1
Total 19 5 4 5 1 2 1 37

CATALOGUE

Note: Coins are unclipped. The following abbreviations are used for the names of the rulers:

C I Constantine I Cn Constans Cs Constantius II

JC/A Julian Caesar / Augustus V I Valentinian I Vn Valens

G Gratian T I Theodosius I V II Valentinian II

MM Magnus Maximus

siliquae

355-60, Constantius II & Julian Caesar & 360-3; Julian Augustus (9)

Lyon (4)

No. Obv. Rev. m.-m. Hoxne RIC VIII Qty. Wt.
1. Cs VOTIS XXX MVLTIS XXXX LVG 141 217 2 1.90, 1.93
2. JA VOTIS / V / MVLTIS / X PLVG 145 227 2 1.81, 1.90*

Arles (5)

No. Obv. Rev. m.-m. Hoxne RIC VIII Qty. Wt.
3. Cs VOTIS / XXX / MVLTIS XXXX (no dot) SCON 84 261/291 2 1.72, 2.15*
4. JA VOT / X / MVLT / XX PCONST 107 309 1 1.74
5. JA VOT / X / MVLT / XX SCONST 108 309 2 1.90*, 1.67* (chipped)

367-75, Valentinian I, Valens & Gratian (14)

Trier (12)

No. Obv. Rev. m.-m. Hoxne RIC IX Qty. Wt.
6. V I VRBS ROMA (Roma std l. on throne) TRPS● 231-2 27a 1 1.83 frag
7. G VRBS ROMA (Roma std l. on throne) TRPS● 238-9 27c/45c 2 1.19 frag, 1.76 frag
8. Vn VRBS ROMA (Roma std l. on throne) TRPS● 254-8 27e/45b 7 2.08, 1.99, 1.98, 1.07 frag, 2.12*, 1.89*, 1.83*
9. Vn VRBS ROMA (Roma std l. on throne) TRPS[ ] 264-9 27e/45b 1 1.07 frag
10. G VRBS ROMA (Roma std l. on throne) TRPS 279-80 27f/45c 1 1.91*

Rome (2)

No. Obv. Rev. m.-m. Hoxne RIC IX Qty. Wt.
11. V I VOT / V / MV●LT / X RT 194 10a 1 1.87
12. V I VOT / V / MVLT / X RT 197 10b 1

1.45 frag

375-78/9, Valens, Gratian & Valentinian II (6)

No. Obv. Rev. m.-m. Hoxne RIC IX Qty. Wt.
13. Vn VRBS ROMA (Roma std l. on cuirass) TRPS● 332-6 46a 1 1.72*
14. Vn VRBS ROMA (Roma std l. on cuirass) TRPS 337-8 46a 1 1.80*
15. G VRBS ROMA (Roma std l. on cuirass) TRPS● 347-53 46b 1 1.60*
16. V II VRBS ROMA (Roma std l. on cuirass) TRPS 367-8 46c/64b 1 1.65 frag

Aquileia (2)

No. Obv. Rev. m.-m. Hoxne RIC IX Qty. Wt.
17. V II VRBS ROMA (Roma std l. on cuirass) - *// AQPS● 390 15d 2

1.86, 1.75

378/9-88, Gratian, Theodosius I, Valentinian II, Arcadius, Magnus Maximus & Flavius Victor (6)

Trier (3)

No. Obv. Rev. m.-m. Hoxne RIC IX Qty. Wt.
18. T I VIRTVS RO-MANORVM (Roma enthroned) TRPS 434-8 58b/84a 1 1.47 frag
19. MM VIRTVS RO-MANORVM (Roma enthroned) TRPS 534-8 84b/c 2 1.96, 2.47*

Aquileia (3)

No. Obv. Rev. m.-m. Hoxne RIC IX Qty. Wt.
20. G VIRTVS RO-MANORVM (Roma enthroned) AQPS 480 28a 3

1.93, 1.72 frag, 2.48§

Irregular (1)

No. Obv. Rev. m.-m. Qty. Wt. / die-axis
21. ΓL CL IVLIΛ-NVS P Γ ΛVC VOTIS / V / MVLTIS X LVC 1 1.54* / 5

Nummus

317-24, Constantine I & Licinius I (1)

Ticinum (1)

No. Obv. Rev. m.-m. RIC VII Qty. Wt.
22. C I D N CONSTANTINI MAX AVG ⋃//ST 167 1 1.97

Notes:

Discussion

The termination date of this hoard makes it one of the latest to have been recovered from the north-west counties, a point emphasised by the fact that eight of the twenty-three coins were issued from the mid-370s onwards.

Only one other hoard of siliquae of the late fourth century has been recorded from the North West - that consisting of 401 coins, ranging in date from Constantius II to Honorius, which is said to have been found at Rossall Point (near Fleetwood in Lancashire) in the 1840s. This hoard is now in the collection of the Harris Museum in Preston. However, there are difficulties regarding the true provenance of this hoard:

D. Shotter

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: Regional importance

Subsequent actions

Current location of find: Grosvenor Museum Chester
Subsequent action after recording: Acquired by museum after being declared Treasure

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2014T539

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 318
Date to: Circa AD 388

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 37

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Saturday 26th July 2014

Personal details

This information is restricted for your access level.

Other reference numbers

Other reference: Digital images at BM: DADB: #1602376001
Treasure case number: 2014T539

Materials and construction

Primary material: Silver
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: North West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Cheshire West and Chester (Unitary Authority)
District: Cheshire West and Chester (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: Dutton

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: Generated from computer mapping software
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Discovery circumstances: Found while metal detecting
Current location: Grosvenor Museum Chester
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: LVPL
Created: 7 years ago
Updated: 4 years ago

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