SOM-D0A907: Roman coin: Denarius of Julia Maesa

Rights Holder: Somerset County Council
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COIN HOARD

Unique ID: SOM-D0A907

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

Treasure case 2014 T194: disclaimed, returned to finders

Circumstances of Find

Found while metal-detecting on four separate occasions by Mr [redacted] (09/03/14, 11/03/14, 06/07/14, 09/07/14) and Mr [redacted] (29/06/14).

Description of Find

The find consists of 6 silver coins of the second century AD. They are all denarii (which had been the principle Roman silver denomination during the first two centuries of Roman Britain). The final coin in the group dates to the rule of Severus Alexander, giving a TPQ of AD 235 for the group.

The coins were found spread over some distance. Coins 3, 4 and 5 in particular were separated from the others by modern field boundaries, a steep slope and a modern road. However the distance between the two groups is only 125 metres at the shortest and 250 metres at the greatest and it is suggested the coins in the lower field could have spread down there before the modern road and boundaries were in place. However, other contemporary silver coins found in the wider area have been discounted, as discussed below.

Summary denarii

Septimius Severus (AD 193-211) 2

Caracalla (AD 198-217) -

Julia Domna 2

Elagabalus (AD 218-222) -

Julia Maesa 1

Severus Alexander (AD 222-35) 1

Total 6

It is noted that three further denarii have been recorded from the fields lying to the east of the fields in which these six coins were found. These are coins of Caracalla, Julia Maesa (probably) and Maximinus I, and are detailed separately in the filed report and catalogues seperately on this database. Though they fall within the date range given by the group of six they are separated both by distance (over 1km in one case), an upward slope, and by modern field boundaries. A small valley which partially lies between the closest of these three (that of ?Julia Maesa) and the main group would also suggest spread though ploughing and ground movement is less likely. They are therefore interpreted as site finds within a background of contemporary coin loss in these fields and are not considered part of the group.

CATALOGUE

denarii

WARS OF THE SUCCESSION (2)

SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS (2)

Rome (1)

Obv (xxx): L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VII

No.

Reverse Bust

BMC

RIC

Qty. Wt.
1 ARAB ADIAB COS II P P (Victory adv. l. holding wreath and trophy) A1* xxx 64 1 2.3[1]

Eastern Mint (1)

Obv (6): IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II

No. Reverse Bust BMC RIC Qty. Wt.
2 VICT AVG (or similar) (Victory adv./stg. l. holding wreath and palm). A1* cf.xxx cf.425 1 2.3[2]

JOINT REIGN OF SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS AND CARACALLA (2)

JULIA DOMNA (2)

Obv (4): IVLIA AVGVSTA

No. Reverse Bust BMC RIC Qty. Wt.
3 HILARITAS (Hilaritas stg. l., holding palm and sceptre

E1*

xxx

555

1

2.02[3] (incomplete)

4 PIETAS AVGG (Pietas stg. L. dropping incense on altar and holding box).

E1*

xxx

572

1

2.53[4]

REIGN OF ELAGABALUS (1)

Rome (1)

Various series (1)

No.

Obverse

Reverse

Bust

BMC

RIC

Qty.

Wt.

5

IVLIA MAESA AVG

SAECVLI FELICITAS (Felicitas stg. l., holding long caduceus and sacrificing over lighted altar; in field l., star).

E1*

81

272

1

2.31

REIGN OF SEVERUS ALEXANDER (1)

Rome (1)

Series 3 (1): IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG

No.

Reverse

Bust

BMC

RIC

Qty.

Wt.

6

P M TR P II COS P P (Pax stg. l., holding olive-branch and sceptre).

C2*

101

27

1

2.18[5]

[1] Previously recorded as PUBLIC-D44FF4

[2] Previously recorded as PUBLIC-A5F747

[3] Previously recorded as PUBLIC-046A15

[4] Previously recorded as PUBLIC-0443D0

[5] Previously recorded as PUBLIC-04A6E5

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder after being disclaimed as Treasure

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2014T194

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 9th March 2014 - Wednesday 9th July 2014

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Robert Webley
Identified by: Mr Robert Webley

Other reference numbers

Treasure case number: 2014T194

Materials and construction

Primary material: Silver
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: South West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: West Knoyle CP

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: Centred on field
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Audit data

Recording Institution: SOM
Created: 4 years ago
Updated: 2 years ago

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