BERK-842965: Early-medieval ingot: Gold ingot

Rights Holder: Oxfordshire County Council
CC License:

Image use policy

Our images can be used under a CC BY attribution licence (unless stated otherwise).


Unique ID: BERK-842965

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

A small gold ingot/hack gold ingot, of probable Early-medieval date. The ingot is roughly sub-rectangular in section and in plan with slightly rounded corners. The short sides of the ingot are also slightly rounded.

Although gold ingots are traditionally difficult to date out of context they are often attributed to a Viking date, c. AD 750-1050. The Vikings had a bullion economy where the purity and weight of the metal were more important than the form. Although this bullion economy primarily utilised silver it did also include gold. It is noted however that this particular ingot was found in close proximity to two fragments of a silver Anglo-Saxon disc brooch of 6th century date however all were found in the ploughsoil and so cannot be dated or associated with each other confidently.

Similar objects recorded on the Portable Antiquities Scheme database include CAM-923F22 and DENO-938F91 (Treasure Case 2010 T108).


As the object is more than 10% precious metal and more than 300 years old, it fulfils the requirements of the 1996 Treasure Act.

Subsequent actions

Current location of find: Oxfordshire Museum Service
Subsequent action after recording: Acquired by museum after being declared Treasure

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2014T430


Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Middle
Subperiod to: Late
Ascribed Culture: Viking style
Date from: Circa AD 750
Date to: Circa AD 1050

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 10 mm
Width: 4.8 mm
Thickness: 1.1 mm
Weight: 1 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Tuesday 1st April 2014 - Wednesday 30th April 2014

Personal details

This information is restricted for your access level.

Other reference numbers

Other reference: 2014.108
Treasure case number: 2014T430

Materials and construction

Primary material: Gold
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Oxfordshire (County)
District: Vale of White Horse (District)
To be known as: East Hendred CP

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Current location: Oxfordshire Museum Service
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

Similar objects

Find number: LON-579AB1
Object type: INGOT
A possible Early Medieval (Viking) gold ingot/hack gold, dated to the mid 9th to mid 11th Centuries, AD850-1050. The ingot is roughly sub-rec…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Find number: DENO-938F91
Object type: INGOT
TREASURE CASE 2012 T108: Probably Early Medieval (Viking) gold ingot/hack gold, dated to the mid 8th to mid 11th Centuries, AD. C.750-1050. T…
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Find number: LON-EF5AB5
Object type: INGOT
Broadperiod: UNKNOWN
A possible Early Medieval (Viking) to Modern gold ingot/hack gold, dated to the mid 9th to mid 20th Centuries, AD 850-2000. The ingot is roug…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: BERK
Created: 8 years ago
Updated: 4 years ago

Other formats: this page is available as qrcode json xml geojson pdf rdf representations.