SOM-41F0CD: Roman T-shaped brooch

Rights Holder: Somerset County Council
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BROOCH

Unique ID: SOM-41F0CD

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Head and upper part of the bow of a Roman cast copper alloy T-shaped brooch dating to the late first to early second century AD. The head has two cylindrical wings flanking a slot on the underside and is 26.8mm wide. The wings hold a copper alloy axis bar for the hinged pin which would have moved in the slot. The wings are decorated at the ends with two transverse incised lines, one has partially broken at the inner line and partly at the outer, with an old break. There is no evidence for a tab or loop at the head.

The bow has a D shaped cross section with a flat back. It projects at 75 degrees from the head, bending sharply thorugh 80 degrees before flattening and appearing to run straight towards the foot. It is broken shortly into this flat section with an old break. The upper part of the bow is plain. After the bend is a raised 'headstud', a circle with a recessed centre. There is no evidence of enamel in the centre. From the headstud an indented line runs down the centre to the break. Any other decoration is obscured by wear and pitting.

It is now 18.9mm long, 26.8mm wide including the wing and 11.4mm thick; it weighs 4.05 grams.

T-shaped brooches are very variable in the decoration on their bows. Bayley and Butler (2004:167) suggest this type is mainly South Western in distribution and dates to the later first - early 2nd century AD (c75-150)

Class: Initial T-shaped

Subsequent actions

Current location of find: Charltons Historical Society
Subsequent action after recording: Donated to a museum

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 75
Date to: Exactly AD 150

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 18.9 mm
Width: 26.8 mm
Thickness: 11.4 mm
Weight: 4.05 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 1st January 2006 - Monday 31st December 2007

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mrs Vicky Lemmens
Identified by: Mrs Vicky Lemmens

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: South West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Somerset (County)
District: South Somerset (District)
Parish or ward: Charlton Mackrell (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: ST5227
Four figure Latitude: 51.04033947
Four figure longitude: -2.68600976
1:25K map: ST5227
1:10K map: ST52NW
Grid reference source: Generated from computer mapping software
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Current location: Charltons Historical Society
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SOM
Created: 4 years ago
Updated: 4 years ago

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