BH-24D8C4: Early-Medieval coin: penny of Wulfred, Archbishop of Canterbury

Rights Holder: St. Albans District Council
CC License:

Image use policy

Our images can be used under a CC BY attribution licence (unless stated otherwise).


Unique ID: BH-24D8C4

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

An early-medieval silver penny of Wulfred, Archbishop of Canterbury (805-832), minted during the reign of Baldred of Kent (c.823-825) by Saeberht at Canterbury.

Diameter: 20.4mm; thickness: 0.8mm; weight: 1.3g.


This coin is a previously unrecorded type. The obverse shows a front-facing bust with simplified VVLFRED inscription (as opposed to VVLREF ARCHIEPIS) as seen on Naismith C67.2 (North 237/1). The reverse of this coin, showing a short cross pattée, is from North's Non-Portrait issue of Baldred (North 213; Naismith C63.2 for the moneyer Sigestef and Naismith 64.2-3 for the moneyer Swefherd) as well as for Ecgberht of Wessex (802-839; various reverses from Naismith C71-C76) issued during the first phase c.825-8.

The moneyer 'SAEBERHT' is previously known from Canterbury coins of Coenwulf of Mercia (796-821; Naismith C15 and C26), Cuthred of Kent (c.798-807; Naismith C19) and Wulfred during the reign of Coenwulf (Naismith C46 and C58), including an anonymous issue (C58) produced c.822-3. The use of the same reverse die design as on some issues of Baldred's suggests a date of 823 onwards, and extends the known dates for Saeberht as an episcopal moneyer probably to as late as c.828.

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: National importance

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Middle
Subperiod to: Middle
Ascribed Culture: Anglo-Saxon
Date from: Circa AD 823
Date to: Circa AD 828

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Thickness: 0.8 mm
Weight: 1.3 g
Diameter: 20.4 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Friday 25th April 2014

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Julian Watters
Identified by: Mr Julian Watters
Secondary identifier: Dr John Naylor

Other reference numbers

Other reference: Ver 14/38 - 10

Materials and construction

Primary material: Silver
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered
Completeness: Complete

Coin data (numismatics)

Denomination: Penny
Ruler/issuer: Archbishop Wulfred of Canterbury
Mint or issue place: Canterbury
Category: Penny of the Archbishops of Canterbury 8th-9th century

Type: N 237.1 (Abp Wulfred Group V hybrids)
Obverse description: Tonsured bust facing, inner ring behind.
Obverse inscription: +VVL/FRED
Reverse description: Short cross pattée, inner ring surrounding.
Reverse inscription: +S.A.EBE.RHT
Die axis measurement: 9 o'clock
Degree of wear: Slightly worn: very fine

Coin references

No coin references available.

Spatial metadata

Region: Eastern (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Hertfordshire (County)
District: Three Rivers (District)
To be known as: Abbots Langley

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: Generated from computer mapping software
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

References cited

Similar objects

Find number: WAW-A5B442
Object type: COIN
Early Medieval coin: silver penny of Archbishop Wulfred of Canterbury, 'Baldred type' (c.823-5; North 239; Naismith C68) minted in Canterbury …
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Find number: NARC-0987A1
Object type: COIN
An early medieval penny, issued by Baldred of Kent (AD 823-25), and produced in Canterbury by a moneyer known as Sigestef. This is an unu…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Find number: WAW-238254
Object type: COIN
Early Medieval coin: penny of Archbishop Wulfred, minted in Canterbury between c. 815 and c. 823. The moneyer is Saeberht. Group III: Regular…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: BH
Created: 5 years ago
Updated: 4 years ago

Other formats: this page is available as qrcode json xml geojson pdf rdf representations.