WAW-30D6E7: Early Medieval strap end (plan, profile and reverse).

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
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Unique ID: WAW-30D6E7

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An early Medieval (11th century) copper alloy strap end: The strap end has an animal head terminal which is visible in profile with an elongated point oval on either side as the eyes, and an open mouth. The body of the strap end is narrowed behind the head and is a elongated trapezoid in plan. Only a short portion of the body is split in profile to allow for the strap to be fitted. The terminals of each plate have a single rivet hole. The surface is heavily abraded and has a red copper corrosion with traces of a dark green patina. The strap end measures 43.87mm long, 7.87mm wide and 7.17mm thick. It weighs 7.5g.

Thomas (2003) classifies these type of strap ends as Class B Type 6 and comments these types of strap end with the style of animal head is diagnostic of late Viking Ringerike and Urnes style dated to the 11th century.

Thomas, G. 2003 'Late Anglo-Saxon and Viking-Age Strap Ends 750-1100: Part I' Finds Research Group AD 700-1700 Datasheet 32


XRF results (kindly carried out by Teresa Gilmore of Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery): Bruker M1 Mistral XRF, Programme 7 HV=40Hkv, Current = 79.9 aA 30s.

Zoomorphic terminal:

Cu = 44.52 +/- 0.23

Zn = 4.78 +/- 0.08

Fe = 1.8 +/- 0.08

Sn = 0.29 +/- 0.05

Pb = 35.05 +/- 0.27

Attachment Terminal:

Cu = 54.61 +/- 0.27

Zn = 2.38 +/- 0.08

Fe = 3.53 +/- 0.11

Sn = 0.39 +/- 0.06

Pb = 31.86 +/- 0.30

Class: Thomas Class B, Type 6

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1000
Date to: Exactly AD 1100

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 43.87 mm
Width: 7.87 mm
Thickness: 7.17 mm
Weight: 7.5 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Thursday 29th November 2012 - Thursday 27th February 2014

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Angie Bolton
Identified by: Ms Angie Bolton

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: West Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Worcestershire (County)
District: Wychavon (District)
Parish or ward: Upton Snodsbury (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SO9354
Four figure Latitude: 52.18420224
Four figure longitude: -2.10380082
1:25K map: SO9354
1:10K map: SO95SW
Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: WAW
Created: 4 years ago
Updated: 4 years ago

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